Bø, Nordland

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Bø kommune
Municipality
IMG 0993a - Havna i Nykvåg.jpg
Coat of arms of Bø kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Bø kommune
Nordland within
Norway
Bø within Nordland
Bø within Nordland
Coordinates: 68°41′43″N 14°34′46″E / 68.69528°N 14.57944°E / 68.69528; 14.57944Coordinates: 68°41′43″N 14°34′46″E / 68.69528°N 14.57944°E / 68.69528; 14.57944
Country Norway
County Nordland
District Vesterålen
Administrative centre Straume
Government
 • Mayor (2007) Sture Pedersen (H)
Area
 • Total 247.23 km2 (95.46 sq mi)
 • Land 235.84 km2 (91.06 sq mi)
 • Water 11.39 km2 (4.40 sq mi)
Area rank 304 in Norway
Population (2012)
 • Total 2,720
 • Rank 269 in Norway
 • Density 11.5/km2 (30/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) -13.9 %
Demonym Bøfjerding[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1867
Official language form Neutral
Website www.boe.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

is a village and municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is part of the Vesterålen region. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Straume. Other villages in the municipality include Bø, Eidet, Hovden, Nykvåg, and Utskor. The Litløy Lighthouse is located on the tiny island of Litløya off the coast of Bø.

The village of Bø is located on the southern coast of the municipality. It is made up of several populated areas such as Stein and Vinje. Bø Church is located in the eastern part of this village. The 1.41-square-kilometre (350-acre) village of Bø has a population (2011) of 726, giving the village a population density of 515 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,330/sq mi).[2]

General information[edit]

Hovden in Bø municipality
Guvåg in Bø

The municipality of Bø was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). On 1 January 1866, a small area of Øksnes (population: 40) was transferred to Bø. On 1 January 1964, the Kråkberget village and the peninsula north of Kråkberget (population: 271) was transferred from Øksnes to Bø.[3]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old farm (Old Norse: Bœr), since the first church (Bø Church) was built there. The name is identical with the word bœr which means "farm" and it is a cognate with the Dutch language word "boer" which means "farmer".[4]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 7 August 1987. The arms show a silver "half boat" on a black background. This was chosen to represent the importance of fishing in Bø, but also reminiscent of some old legends/fairy tales in the region that include a "half boat". (The seaghost draugr travelled in a half boat.)[5]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Bø. It is part of the Vesterålen deanery in the Diocese of Sør-Hålogaland.

Churches in Bø
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Bø og Malnes Bø Church 1824
Malnes Church Eide 1895

Population[edit]

The municipality has sustained a steady decline in population since the 1950s when 6,122 people lived in Bø. The 2001 census showed that the population had declined to 3,156,[6] while the fourth quarter population estimate for 2007 showed the population at 2866.[7] The bureau of statistics projects a continued population decline.[8]

The municipality has 73 gårdsnummer in the cadastre.[9] The largest and densest population center is the Vinje, Skagen, and Steine area in the southwestern part of the municipality,[10] which is designated as the village ("tettsted") of "Bø" by the bureau of statistics.

Geography[edit]

The municipality of Bø lies on the island of Langøya and many small surrounding islets including Litløya. There is one road that connects Bø to the rest of Norway via the 1,612-metre (5,289 ft) long Ryggedal Tunnel, connecting Bø to Øksnes and Sortland.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Bø i Vesterålen
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0.8
(33.4)
0.6
(33.1)
1.6
(34.9)
4.2
(39.6)
9.2
(48.6)
12.7
(54.9)
15.2
(59.4)
14.7
(58.5)
10.8
(51.4)
6.9
(44.4)
3.4
(38.1)
1.5
(34.7)
6.8
(44.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.4
(29.5)
−1.5
(29.3)
−0.6
(30.9)
1.9
(35.4)
6.4
(43.5)
9.7
(49.5)
12.1
(53.8)
11.9
(53.4)
8.3
(46.9)
4.8
(40.6)
1.4
(34.5)
−0.8
(30.6)
4.4
(39.9)
Average low °C (°F) −4.6
(23.7)
−4.7
(23.5)
−3.6
(25.5)
−0.9
(30.4)
3.0
(37.4)
6.6
(43.9)
8.9
(48)
8.5
(47.3)
5.5
(41.9)
2.2
(36)
−1.4
(29.5)
−3.8
(25.2)
1.3
(34.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 88
(3.46)
81
(3.19)
70
(2.76)
63
(2.48)
48
(1.89)
56
(2.2)
73
(2.87)
74
(2.91)
110
(4.33)
144
(5.67)
103
(4.06)
107
(4.21)
1,017
(40.04)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 15.4 13.8 13.2 12.7 10.3 10.5 12.7 11.6 16.5 18.8 17.2 17.8 170.3
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (1 January 2011). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality.". 
  3. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  4. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1905). Norske gaardnavne: Nordlands amt (in Norwegian) (16 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 374. 
  5. ^ "Fakta om Eventyrkommunen" (in Norwegian). Bø kommune i Vesterålen. Retrieved 2008-11-19. 
  6. ^ "Bø Kommune" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 
  7. ^ "Population estimates October 1, 2007 for Nordland" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. Retrieved 2008-11-19. 
  8. ^ "Figures for Bø Kommune" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. Retrieved 2008-11-19. 
  9. ^ "Kuling 2.0" (in Norwegian).  See list of gårdsnummer in right column
  10. ^ "Kuling 2.0 entry on Vinje gård" (in Norwegian). 
  11. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. 

External links[edit]