BA-27

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BA-27
Type Armoured car
Place of origin  Soviet Union
Specifications
Weight 4.4 tonnes
Length 4.62 m
Width 1.81 m
Height 2.52 m
Crew 4

Armor 7 mm
Main
armament
37 mm gun
Secondary
armament
7.62 mm DT machine gun
Engine 4-cylinder gasoline AMO
35 hp (26 kW)
Power/weight 8 hp/tonne
Suspension 4×4 wheeled
Operational
range
350 km
Speed 48 km/h

The BA-27 was a Soviet first[1] series-produced armoured car, manufactured from 1928 to 1931, and used for scouting and infantry support duties early in the Second World War. The BA-27 was a heavy armoured car, having the same turret and armament as the first Soviet tank, T-18, manufactured at the same time: the main gun was a modified copy of the French 37 mm Hotchkiss SA 18 cannon, and it was supported by an additional machine gun.

The production of the first Soviet truck, AMO-F-15 truck (a copy of the Fiat F-15), started in 1924. Using the chassis of this truck, the Izhorsky Factory design team developed BA-27 heavy armoured car in 1927. There was no significant production of AFVs in Russia since 1918, and the indigenous automobile industry was practically non-existent at the time.[2] After lengthy trials, the new vehicle was accepted into Soviet Red Army service in 1929. 215 were built between 1928–31. The last batch of BA-27 was mounted on Ford Model AA truck chassis. Both chassis were found to be inadequate to carry the heavy armour, and around 20 were later rebuilt on heavier, three-axle Ford-Timken truck chassis at Repair Base No. 2 (Rembaz No. 2), bearing designation BA-27M.[3]

193 of BA-27 and BA-27M still remained in service on June 1, 1941,[citation needed] just before the German invasion of the Soviet Union. During the early stages of the war, several units were captured by Germans and pressed into their own service.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Russian Armored Cars: A Historical Perspective
  2. ^ Erickson, John R. (2001). The Soviet high command: a military-political history, 1918-1941. London: Frank Cass. ISBN 0-7146-5178-8. 
  3. ^ The Russian Battlefield - BA-3, BA-6, and BA-9 armoured car
  • Zaloga, Steven J., James Grandsen (1984). Soviet Tanks and Combat Vehicles of World War Two, London: Arms and Armour Press. ISBN 0-85368-606-8.