FAI armoured car

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FAI armoured car
Fai 6.jpg
Type Armoured car
Place of origin  Soviet Union
Service history
In service 1933–41
Used by Soviet Union
Wars Spanish Civil War
Battles of Khalkhin Gol
World War II
Production history
Designer Izhorskiy Zavod[1]
Designed 1931 - 1932[1]
Produced 1933 - 1935[1]
Specifications (FAI)
Weight 1.75 t[1]
Length 3.69[1]
Width 1.73[1]
Height 2.07[1]
Crew 2

Armor 4–6 mm
Main
armament
7.62 mm DT machine gun (1512 rds.)[1]
Engine GAZ-A 4-cylinder[1]
42 hp
Suspension wheeled
Fuel capacity 40 l[1]
Operational
range
190 - 230 km[1]
Speed 83.1 km/h[1]

The FAI (Ford-A Izhorskiy) armoured car was a replacement for the D-8 armoured car, used by the Soviet Union from the early 1930s to early 1940s.

Description[edit]

The FAI was built on the chassis of the GAZ A car, a licensed copy of the US Ford A. This chassis was the major weakness of the FAI. Most commercial car chassis were not powerful enough to move a useful amount of armour or firepower on the battlefield. The Germans were known to get round this particular problem by designing a car chassis that was intended from the outset for both civilian and military vehicles and which was used successfully in at least one German armoured car family of this period. However, armoured cars based on commercial car chassis were for the most part, road-bound, thinly armoured and lightly armed. The FAI was a typical example of this class of vehicle with a single 7.62 mm DT machine-gun in a revolving turret. The armour was sufficient to stop most shell fragments and small arms fire, but could not withstand any kind of cannon or heavy machine-gun fire. It was also very vulnerable to mines.

The FAI was built in relatively small numbers before being replaced by the very similar BA-20. The early BA-20 had the same vertically sided turret as the FAI. FAIs were employed in the early days of fighting on the Eastern Front in World War II.

The FAI and BA-20 series had a few advanced features. They were of all-welded construction in an era when very few AFVs were welded. Also, they had cork-filled tires to enable them to retain mobility even if the tires were penetrated.

The FAI and BA-20 are often mistaken for each other. The main recognition feature of the FAI is the two dome-shaped armoured covers over the driver and co-driver's stations. The BA-20 had a flat armoured roof in this area instead.

Variants[edit]

FAI armoured car, stored at Border Guard Barracks in Białystok, Poland
  • FAI (ФАИ, «Форд-А, Ижорский»). The FAI was built on the chassis of the GAZ A car, a licensed copy of the US Ford A with 40 l fuel tank.[1]
  • FAI-M (ФАИ-М, «ФАИ-Модернизированный») - second variant, since 1934. The FAI was built on the chassis of the GAZ-M1 car with 60 l fuel tank.[1]
  • FAI-zd (ФАИ-жд, «ФАИ-железнодорожный») - 1936 variant (only 9 were made).[1]
  • GAZ-TK (ГАЗ-ТК, «ГАЗ-Трёхосный, Курчевского») - The armoured car was built on the chassis of the GAZ-AAA and equipped with 71-ТК radio. Only one prototype was made in 1935.[1]

Users[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Максим В. Коломиец. Броня на колёсах. История советского бронеавтомобиля 1925-1945 гг. М.: "Яуза", ООО "Стратегия КМ", "Эксмо", 2007. ISBN 978-5-699-21870-7
  2. ^ Ю. Рыбалкин. Операция "Х". Советская помощь республиканской Испании (1936-1939). М., 2000. стр.43-45
  3. ^ VEHÍCULOS BLINDADOS - Fuerzas Armadas de la República
  4. ^ Вернер Освальд. Полный каталог военных автомобилей и танков Германии, 1900 - 1982. М., АСТ, "Астрель", 2003. стр.335

Sources[edit]

  • М. В. Коломиец. Лёгкие бронеавтомобили Красной Армии довоенной постройки ("Фронтовая иллюстрация" № 2 2007). – М.: ООО "Стратегия КМ", 2007.

External links[edit]