Baccharis brachyphylla is a species of baccharis known by the common name shortleaf baccharis. It is native to the southwestern United States and northern Mexico, where it grows in desert habitat such as arroyos and canyons.
This is a shrub producing erect, branching green stems up to a meter tall. The leaves are linear or thinly lance-shaped and less than 2 centimetres (0.79 in) long. The inflorescence is a wide array of flower heads. A dioecious species, the male and female plants produce different flower types which are similar in appearance. The flowers and foliage are glandular. Female flowers yield fruits which are ribbed achenes, each with a fuzzy body 2–3 millimetres (0.079–0.118 in) long and a pappus about 5 millimeters long.
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