Barkly West

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Barkly West
Barkly-Wes
Barkly West is located in South Africa
Barkly West
Barkly West
 Barkly West shown within South Africa
Coordinates: 28°32′17″S 24°31′07″E / 28.53806°S 24.51861°E / -28.53806; 24.51861Coordinates: 28°32′17″S 24°31′07″E / 28.53806°S 24.51861°E / -28.53806; 24.51861
Country South Africa
Province Northern Cape
District Frances Baard
Municipality Dikgatlong
Established 1869
Area[1]
 • Total 73.1 km2 (28.2 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 20,105
 • Density 280/km2 (710/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 71.7%
 • Coloured 22.6%
 • Indian/Asian 0.4%
 • White 3.7%
 • Other 1.6%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Tswana 60.3%
 • Afrikaans 31.4%
 • English 2.3%
 • Sotho 1.8%
 • Other 4.1%
Postal code (street) 8375
PO box 8375
Area code 053

Barkly West (Afrikaans: Barkly-Wes) is a town in the Northern Cape province of South Africa, situated on the north bank of the Vaal River west of Kimberley.

Establishment and naming[edit]

Barkly West was the site of the first major diamond rush, in 1870, on the South African Diamond Fields, and was initially known as Klip Drift. This Dutch name means "stony ford" and is a direct translation from a much older !Kora or Korana name, Ka-aub (or !a |aub) - "stony (place along a) river".[2] Briefly the Klipdrift Diggers' Republic was declared (the town assuming the name Parkerton after President Stafford Parker), before colonial rule was extended here. It became, with Kimberley, one of the main towns in the Crown Colony of Griqualand West and was renamed Barkly West (see the article on New Rush). Like Barkly East, the town is named after Sir Henry Barkly, Governor of Cape Colony and High Commissioner for Southern Africa from 1870-1877. During the Anglo-Boer War the town was occupied by Boer forces and temporarily went by the name Nieuw Boshof.[3]

Barkly West is sometimes erroneously spelled as "Barkley-West" (even in road signage). In Afrikaans the town is known as Barkly-Wes. The local municipality, post-1994, is called Dikgatlong, part of the Frances Baard District Municipality.

Heritage Sites[edit]

  • The Parish Church of St Mary the Virgin was the first Anglican Church to be built on the Diamond Fields. Sir Henry Barkly laid the foundation stone in February 1871.[4]
  • The iron Barkly Bridge, the first over the Vaal River, was transported in sections from the United Kingdom (by sea, rail and, over the last more than 100 km by ox wagon) and erected across the Vaal in 1885. A steel plate gives details of its manufacture: "Westwood, Baillie & Co, Engineers and Contractors, London 1884."[6] Shops in Kimberley and Barkly West closed for the occasion when the bridge was opened. A new bridge was built alongside in the 1970s. The toll house erected to recover revenues from those using the old bridge now serves as a museum, opened in 2000.
  • The Nooitgedacht Glacial Pavements, upstream along the Vaal River between Barkly West and Kimberley, with evidence of the Dwyka glaciation some 300 million years ago. Much later - within the last 1500 years or so - the scoured rocks were used by Later Stone Age people as panels for rock engravings.

Notable residents[edit]

  • Renowned writer Sarah Gertrude Millin grew up at Longlands outside Barkly West and her father opened the first shop in town.
  • Cecil Rhodes held the seat of Barkly West in the House of Assembly of Cape Colony until his death in 1902.
  • Z.K. Matthews (1901 - May 1968), prominent black academic who became a president of the African National Congress and assisted in the drafting of the Freedom Charter, was born at Winters Rush outside Barkly West. The new hospital is named after Professor Z.K. Matthews.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Sum of the Main Places Barkly West and Mataleng from Census 2011.
  2. ^ Van Vreeden, B.F. 1961. Die oorsprong en geskiedenis van plekname in Noord-Kaapland en die aangrensende gebiede. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of the Witwatersrand.
  3. ^ Standard Encyclopaedia of South Africa. 1970. Pretoria: Nasou Ltd. Vol 2, p 177
  4. ^ Pressly, Canon G.N. 1971. St Mary's Centenary booklet.
  5. ^ Morris, D. & Beaumont, P. 2004. Archaeology in the Northern Cape: some key sites. Kimberley: McGregor Museum
  6. ^ Ashley's Adventure Tours: Exploring Barkly West and the Diamond Fields

External links[edit]