Barwick, Somerset

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Barwick
Barwick is located in Somerset
Barwick
Barwick
 Barwick shown within Somerset
Population 1,221 [1]
OS grid reference ST564139
District South Somerset
Shire county Somerset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town YEOVIL
Postcode district BA22
Dialling code 01935
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Yeovil
List of places
UK
England
Somerset

Coordinates: 50°55′24″N 2°37′14″W / 50.9233°N 2.6205°W / 50.9233; -2.6205

Barwick is a village and parish in Somerset, England, situated 2 miles (3.2 km) south of Yeovil in the South Somerset district and on the border with Dorset. The parish, which includes the village of Stoford has a population of 1,221.[1]

History[edit]

The earliest signs of habitation in the area were the relics of a Bronze Age burial which were found in 1826, a little to the north of the village of Stoford, which may be a Saxon name derived from Stow-Ford.[2]

Settlement may go back as far as Saxon times, the earliest mention of Barwick being in 1185. In the Middle Ages, Stoford was shown as a new town and in an Inquisition or survey of 1273 there were 74 burgages each paying 10d (ten pence) a year. The total population of the borough in 1273 was probably over 500. Stoford kept its borough status for at least 300 years. A guildhall was mentioned in 1361 and there is proof of a separate borough court. There was still a 'borough of Stoford' in the musters of 1569.[2]

The parish was part of the hundred of Houndsborough.[3]

Governance[edit]

The parish council is responsible for local issues. It sets an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council's operating costs and produces annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also the responsibility of the council.

The village falls within the non-metropolitan district of South Somerset, which was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, having previously been part of Yeovil Rural District.[4] The district council is responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks and tourism.

Somerset County Council is responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, policing and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning.

It is also part of the Yeovil county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election, and part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Barwick Park[edit]

Circular tower with wooden door. On the top is a small statue.
Jack the Treacle Eater, one of the Barwick follies

The estate originally formed part of the property of Syon Abbey, and passed through various hands after the Dissolution in the 1530s. The present house and park are thought to have been built in 1770 by John and Grace Newman, whose relations owned neighbouring Newton Surmaville.

The house was set in pleasure grounds containing a lake and grotto, while the surrounding parkland was ornamented with a Gothic lodge and a group of four follies. In the early 19th century the estate passed to Thomas Messiter, a barrister, who was John Newman's nephew and in 1830 the mansion was remodelled in a Jacobean Revival style. An orangery was constructed adjoining the north side at the same period.[5] During the early 20th century the estate was let to various persons.

During World War II, it was the location of a prisoner of war camp, initially housing Italian prisoners from the Western Desert Campaign, and later German prisoners after the Battle of Normandy.

Following derequisition of the property, after the war, the Messiter family carried out considerable modernisation and repairs and took up residence. They remained there until some time in the 1960s.

From the late 1960s through to the early 1980s the mansion and surrounding grounds were let to a Major Arthur Grey for use as a privately run approved school taking in difficult teenage boys from inner-city London, Liverpool and several other local authorities around the country. This school was home to T.S. Gryphon, a Sea Cadet unit, with affiliations to H.M.S. Hampshire and nearby H.M.S. Heron.

In the 1990s the estate was sold to a private owner, and substantial repairs were carried out to the house, orangery and landscape structures. The site remains in private ownership.

Barwick Park follies[edit]

Barwick Park boasts four follies. Bought by South Somerset District Council for a nominal £5 when the estate was sold in the early 1990s, these extraordinary follies are something of a mystery. Locals say they were built to give the estate labourers work during a time of depression in the 1820s. They were possibly commissioned by George Messiter of Barwick to mark the park boundaries at the four cardinal points: Jack the Treacle Eater (a stone arch topped by a round tower) to the east,[6] the Fish Tower in the north,[7] Messiter's Cone (also known as the Rose Tower), which is 75 feet (23 m) high,[8] at the west[9] end and the Needle to the south.[10] However, paintings of Barwick House in the 1780s, forty years earlier, include two of the follies.

Transport[edit]

The parish contains Yeovil Junction railway station, on the LondonExeter line.

The church[edit]

The Church of Saint Mary Magdalene is just off the A37 at the western end of the village, about half a mile away from the main centre of population. The church was built before 1219 as a chapel of the minster church in Yeovil.[11] It has been rebuilt and restored since, particularly in the 1850 when the chancel was rebuilt.[12] There is still a weekly service. The ecclesiastical parish is now part of the benefice of Holy Trinity, Yeovil. The most architecturally significant features of the church are the bench ends, dating from 1533 - the eve of the English Reformation. The bench ends depict scenes from village life as well as typical pagan symbolism from that period such as the Green Man and the unicorn, a symbol of eternal life. There are also religious objects dating back much earlier, presumably from the church originally on the site, e.g. the Norman font.

The church has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade II* listed building.[13]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Statistics for Wards, LSOAs and Parishes — SUMMARY Profiles" (Excel). Somerset Intelligence. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b The Somerset Urban Archaeological Survey: Stoford, by Miranda Richardson (PDF)
  3. ^ "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 9 October 2011. 
  4. ^ "Yeovil RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "Barwick House and orangery". Images of England. Retrieved 5 January 2008. 
  6. ^ "Jack the Treacle Eater". Images of England. Retrieved 5 January 2008. 
  7. ^ "The Fish Tower". Images of England. Retrieved 5 January 2008. 
  8. ^ Leete-Hodge, Lornie (1985). Curiosities of Somerset. Bodmin: Bossiney Books. p. 91. ISBN 0-906456-98-3. 
  9. ^ "The Rose Tower". Images of England. Retrieved 5 January 2008. 
  10. ^ "Needle Obelisk". Images of England. Retrieved 5 January 2008. 
  11. ^ Ricjardson, Miranda. "An archaeological assessment of Stoford". English Heritage Extensive Urban Survey. Somerset County Council. p. 8. Retrieved 15 October 2013. 
  12. ^ "Church of Saint Mary Magdalene". National Heritage list for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 15 October 2013. 
  13. ^ "Church of Saint Mary Magdalene". Images of England. Retrieved 5 January 2008. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Barwick, Somerset at Wikimedia Commons