Battle of Acosta Ñu
|Battle of Acosta Ñu|
|Part of the Paraguayan War|
Battle of Campo Grande, by Pedro Américo.
|Commanders and leaders|
|Bernardino Caballero||Count d'Eu|
|3,646, 12 cannon:103||1st and 2nd Corps:103|
|Casualties and losses|
The Battle of Acosta Ñu or Campo Grande was a battle during the Paraguayan War, where, on August 16, 1869, between the Triple Alliance and Paraguay. The Paraguayans used many boys in the fighting, wearing false beards and carrying old weapons.:104
In the middle of 1869, the Paraguayan Army was on the run and Asunción was under allied occupation. Francisco Solano López, the Paraguayan president, refused to surrender and fled, vowing to keep fighting to the end. The Brazilian commander Duque de Caxias suggested that the war was militarily over, but Dom Pedro II, the Brazilian Emperor, refused to stop the campaign until López surrendered. Caxias resigned and was replaced by the Emperor's son-in-law, Luís Filipe Gastão de Orléans, Count d'Eu.
Count d'Eu and the main Allied troops advanced and took Caacupé on August 15, though López had already fled to Caraguataí. In an attempt to block the Paraguayan Army from retreating to Caraguataí, the Conde d'Eu sent the 2nd Corps via Barreiro Grande, while the 1st Corps pursued Lopez.:103
The Allied troops met the rearguard of the Paraguayan forces at Acosta Ñu on August 16. The battle started at 0800. Acosta Ñu (which means "Acosta's Field", "Acosta" being a Last Name) is a vast plain of roughly 12 km2 (4.6 sq mi), ideal for the Brazilian cavalry. The initial charge was led by the Allied 1st Corps infantry, supported by artillery. As the Paraguayans retreated across the Yagari River, the 4th Cavalry Brigade made a right flanking movement. Meanwhile, the 2nd Corps reached the Paraguayan rear, which left them no means to retreat.:104
The Battle in history
The battle of Acosta Ñu/Campo Grande is depicted in the famous painting Batalha de Campo Grande by Pedro Américo, and in the book Recordações de Guerra e de Viagem by famous Brazilian writer Visconde de Taunay, who took part in the battle.
- Hooker, T.D., 2008, The Paraguayan War, Nottingham: Foundry Books, ISBN 1901543153