Bear River Massacre Site

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Bear River Massacre Site
Monument erected by the Daughters of Utah Pioneers
Nearest city Preston, Idaho
Area 1,691 acres (6.84 km2)[1]
Built 1862
Governing body State
NRHP Reference # 73000685
Significant dates
Added to NRHP March 14, 1973[2]
Designated NHL June 21, 1990[3]

Bear River Massacre Site, near Preston, Idaho, is the site of the Bear River Massacre, in which a village of Shoshone Native Americans were attacked by the California Volunteers on January 29, 1863. Estimates of Shoshone casualties are as high as 384.[4] It is also known as Bear River Battleground or Massacre at Boa Ogoi.[2]

It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1990.[1][3]

Renamed the Massacre of Bear River by the National Park Service in 1993.

U.S. Route 91 runs through the site in Franklin County, Idaho, a few miles northwest of Preston.

In March 2008, a part of the site was acquired by the Shoshone Nation. They announced plans to erect a memorial at the burial site.[5] In early 2008, a picnic/rest area/historic site was developed east of the highway on a hilltop overlooking the site from the north.

Photograph of the Bear River Massacre Site, a wide, open grassland with scattered trees, low hills in the background, and a highway alongside.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Edwin C. Bearss (January 30, 1990). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Bear River Massacre / Massacre at Boa Ogoi, Battle of Bear River" (PDF). National Park Service.  and Accompanying 1 photo from 1973 PDF (135 KB)
  2. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  3. ^ a b "Bear River Massacre Site". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 10 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02. 
  4. ^ "CWSAC Battle Summaries". Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-07. 
  5. ^ "Tribe Remembers Nation's Largest Massacre". Indian Country Today. 2008-03-10. Retrieved 2008-03-12. [dead link]

Coordinates: 42°08′46″N 111°54′51″W / 42.14611°N 111.91417°W / 42.14611; -111.91417