Bergheim, North Rhine-Westphalia

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Bergheim
"Aachener Tor" Landmark of Bergheim
"Aachener Tor" Landmark of Bergheim
Coat of arms of Bergheim
Coat of arms
Bergheim is located in Germany
Bergheim
Bergheim
Coordinates: 50°58′N 6°39′E / 50.967°N 6.650°E / 50.967; 6.650Coordinates: 50°58′N 6°39′E / 50.967°N 6.650°E / 50.967; 6.650
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Köln
District Rhein-Erft-Kreis
Subdivisions 15
Government
 • Mayor Maria Pfordt (CDU)
Area
 • Total 96.33 km2 (37.19 sq mi)
Elevation 72 m (236 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 59,297
 • Density 620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 50126, 50127, 50129
Dialling codes 02271
Vehicle registration BM
Website Kreisstadt Bergheim (German)

Bergheim is a German city 20 km west of Cologne and the capital of the Rhein-Erft-Kreis. The city's Niederaußem district is one of the most important suppliers for energy from lignites in Europe.

Over 700 years old church St. Johann Baptist (Niederaußem)

Geography[edit]

Bergheim is about 20 km west of Cologne as the crow flies, approximately 72 metres above sea level. The highest point is the Glessener Höhe (Glessen Height) at 204 metres. The Erft River flows nearby. The city lies in the Zülpicher Börde, which belongs to the Kölner Bucht. Economically and geographically Bergheim is in the Rhenish lignite coalfield.

History[edit]

Dating from about 4000 BC there is a grave hill field in Niederaußem. Around 50 BC the Romans settled in Bergheim. They constructed the major Roman road, the Via Belgica, that crossed the area where Bergheim is today. Later the Franks took control over the region. In the Middle Ages Bergheim was granted city rights and later became part of the county Jülich. In the 19th and 20th century Bergheim grew rapidly through the settlement of industry based on the local lignite coal. In World War II the Wesseling synthetic oil plant was bombed during the Oil Campaign of World War II. Then in April 1944 a large underground plant for synthetic oil manufactured from lignite was set up outside Bergheim.[2]

Districts[edit]

  • Ahe
  • Auenheim
  • Bergheim-Mitte
  • Büsdorf
  • Fliesteden
  • Glesch
  • Glessen
  • Kenten
  • Niederaußem
  • Oberaußem
  • Paffendorf
  • Quadrath-Ichendorf
  • Rheidt-Hüchelhoven
  • Thorr
  • Zieverich

Points of interest[edit]

Points of interest are the Niederaussem Power Station with the world's tallest cooling tower as well as the Naturpark Kottenforst-Ville.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 31 July 2013. 
  2. ^ "Meeting No. 45/6" (pdf). Enemy Oil Intelligence Committee. February 6, 1945. Retrieved 2009-03-22. 

http://www.wiktorp.cku.szkola.pl/Bergheim/Bergheim.htm