Bethphage is mentioned in the New Testament as the place in ancient Israel from which Jesus sent his disciples to find a donkey and a colt upon which he would ride into Jerusalem. Gospel of Matthew 21:1; Gospel of Mark 11:1; Gospel of Luke 19:29 mention it as close to Bethany.
Eusebius of Caesarea (Onom 58:13) located it on the Mount of Olives. It was likely on the road from Jerusalem to Jericho and the limit of a Sabbath-day's journey from Jerusalem, that is, 2,000 cubits. There is the Franciscan Church of Bethphage at a likely location.