Bishopric of Regensburg

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For the modern diocese, see Roman Catholic Diocese of Regensburg.
Prince-Bishopric of Regensburg
Fürstbistum / Hochstift Regensburg
State of the Holy Roman Empire
Duchy of Bavaria
13th century–1803 Archbishopric of Regensburg


Coat of arms

Capital Regensburg Cathedral
Government Theocracy
Historical era Middle Ages
 -  Founded by St Boniface 739
 -  Gained Reichsfreiheit 13th century
 -  Regensburg Reichsfrei
    as Imperial City
 
1245
 -  City annexed to Bavaria 1486–96
 -  City adopted Reformation 1542
 -  City made permanent
    seat of Reichstag
 
1663–1806
 -  Mediatised to new
    Archbishopric¹
1803
 -  Ceded to Bavaria on
    Imperial collapse
 
January 6, 1806
1: The Bishopric, the Imperial City and all three Imperial Abbeys were mediatised simultaneously.

The Bishopric of Regensburg (German: Bistum Regensburg) was a small prince-bishopric (Hochstift) of the Holy Roman Empire, located in what is now southern Germany. It was elevated to the Archbishopric of Regensburg in 1803 after the dissolution of the Archbishopric of Mainz, but became a bishopric again in 1817.

History[edit]

The diocese was founded in 739 by Saint Boniface; it was originally subordinate to the archbishop of Salzburg. In the 13th century, the Bishopric of Regensburg became a state of the Holy Roman Empire. By the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss of 1803, the bishopric was united with other territories to form the Archbishopric of Regensburg, with Karl Theodor Anton Maria von Dalberg as archbishop. In 1810, this Principality of Regensburg became part of the Kingdom of Bavaria, although he retained archiepiscopal status. The Bavarian Concordat of 1817 after Dalberg's death downgraded the Archdiocese of Regensburg into a suffragan diocese subordinate to the archbishop of Munich and Freising.

Famous prince-bishops[edit]

Main article: Bishop of Regensburg

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Josef Staber: Kirchengeschichte des Bistums Regensburg. Regensburg 1966 (in German)

External links[edit]