Blinkers (horse tack)
Blinkers are usually made of leather or plastic cups that are placed on either side of the eyes, either attached to a bridle or to an independent hood. Blinkers that have a peep hole cut in the back of the cup are known as visors. Many racehorse trainers believe these keep the horse focused on what is in front of him, encouraging him to pay attention to the race rather than other distractions, such as crowds. Additionally, blinkers are commonly seen on driving horses, to keep them from being distracted or spooked, especially on crowded city streets.
Most equestrian disciplines, other than racing and harness competition, do not permit the use of blinkers at any time, under penalty of elimination. In racing, blinkers are usually seen attached to a synthetic hood placed under the bridle. In driving, they are attached to the bridle's cheekpieces.
Winkers and pacifiers
Some times a "set of winkers" can refer to blinders, but winkers may also refer to a related item of tack, usually fleece tubes, that are placed on the cheekpieces of a bridle and work similarly to a shadow roll to limit a horse's range of rear vision. They do not restrict the horse's view as much as blinkers do.
In Australian Thoroughbred horse racing, winkers, (fleece rolls that are placed around the bridle cheek straps) may be used. Also used in Australian racing are "pacifiers," which are a blinker style hood with mesh eye-covers, thought by some to calm horses. They may be banned from use on wet days as they may clog up with mud.
In the United Kingdom a bag or cloth blindfold put over the head of a difficult horse while it is being handled (for example loaded into starting gates or mounted) is called a blinder.
Both "blinker" and "blinder" are also used metaphorically to refer to people with an overly narrow focus or inability to see the larger picture.
- Blinders (poultry)
- Glossary of Australian and New Zealand punting
- Horse harness
- Equine vision
- Oxford English Dictionary
- blinker 1."b. Leather screens attached to a horse's bridle on each side, to prevent his seeing in any direction except straight ahead.";
- blinder "2. A blinker for a horse. Also fig., an obstacle to clear judgement or perception. Usu.pl. (Chiefly in U.S.)".
- "Racing Victoria Limited - Beginners Guide Racing Terminology". Retrieved 2009-01-31.
- Anthony, Frank S. (1977). Sturm, Terry, ed. Gus Tomlins, together with the original stories of "Me and Gus". Issue 11 of New Zealand fiction. Auckland University Press. p. 70.
- Stratton, Charles, "The International Horseman's Dictionary", Jarrold & Sons Ltd, Norwich
- Saddlery and Harness Making" Edited by Paul N. Hasluck
- Winker Styles: http://www.asteriskhorsecollars.com.au/winkers.htm
- Just Racing: http://www.justracing.com.au/index.php?artid=1867&catid=52&news_page=2