|Address||733 Yonge Street and 33 Bloor Street East, Toronto
|Platforms||side (YUS line)
centre (BD line)
|Opened||30 March 1954 (YUS line)
25 February 1966 (BD line)
|Architect||Charles B. Dolphin|
|Owned by||Toronto Transit Commission|
|Passengers (2011-12)||212,550 (YUS line)
203,620 (BD line)
Ranked 1st of 69
Bloor-Yonge is a subway station on the Yonge–University–Spadina and the Bloor–Danforth lines in Toronto, Canada. It is located near the intersection of Yonge Street and Bloor Street. Due to its key location as a subway transfer point and serving a very high-density area, Bloor-Yonge is by far the busiest subway station in Toronto, with a combined total of 416,170 riders per day.[a]
The station was opened in 1954 and designed by Charles B. Dolphin. It was originally named "Bloor", and connected with a pair of enclosed platforms in the centre of Bloor Street to allow interchange with Bloor streetcars within the fare-paid zone. When the streetcars were replaced with the Bloor-Danforth subway in 1966, the station began to be shown on maps as "Bloor-Yonge", but actual platform signs still show "Bloor" on the Yonge-University-Spadina line and "Yonge" on the Bloor-Danforth Line, following the style common in the New York subway. (Some maps over the years also showed the station with two names "Bloor" and "Yonge", although the style "Bloor-Yonge" is now in use again; both are retronyms of Bloor Station.) Similarly, the automated station announcement system installed in 2007–08 refers to the station as "Bloor" on the Y-U-S line and "Yonge" on the B-D line while the new Toronto Rocket subway trains, which operate on the Y-U-S line refer to the automated stop announcement systems as "Interchange station, Bloor-Yonge". It is the only TTC station named in this way; all other interchanges share the same name for both lines, including Sheppard-Yonge.
The station originally featured a small retail concourse along the corridor leading from the entrance at the south side of Bloor Street. This concourse was closed and disappeared during the construction of the office building at 33 Bloor Street East in the late 1980s.
Due to its congestion, the TTC has been motivated to expand the station. In 1992, it took advantage of building construction over the station to open it out and widen the platforms on the Yonge-University-Spadina portion of the station. This was the first stage of a plan to enable trains to open their doors on both sides: the tracks would next have been slewed outwards within the widened station, and a central platform built between them.
This type of construction, known as the Spanish solution, is employed in the Barcelona Metro and has expanded to other subway systems, such as the Singapore MRT, the MTR Hong Kong, the Shenzhen Metro, the Guangzhou Metro, the Shanghai Metro, the London Underground, the Toulouse Metro, the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority in Boston, the New York subway, the Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority in Atlanta, and a variant of this in the TTC's own Kennedy Station on the Scarborough RT.
The TTC does not intend to proceed with this, as it would require closing the station for many months. The Bloor-Danforth platform has not been widened, because of the extra complication of construction and disruption in service stemming from it being an island platform, and so it remains heavily congested during peak times. However, the TTC included a roughed-in Spanish solution station platform on the Sheppard line level of Sheppard-Yonge Station.
The TTC experimented with crowd control measures on the southbound platform of the Yonge-University-Spadina level on November 24, 2009 and made these permanent as they allowed for improved passenger flow by discouraging crowding near the stairs leading to the Bloor-Danforth level. These measures also reduced dwell times by a few seconds, such that a few more trains can enter the station during rush hour without building additional capacity.
Subway infrastructure in the vicinity
North of the station the Yonge–University–Spadina line crosses under Church Street in a tunnel then emerges to the surface at the Ellis Portal, continuing in an open cut through Rosedale Station. South to Wellesley Station, the line was constructed by cut and cover, with the surface areas now occupied by a Toronto Parking Authority multi-storey garage at Charles Street and the City of Toronto maintained George Hislop Park, Norman Jewison Park and James Canning Gardens south of that.
The east-west Bloor-Danforth centre platform was constructed under the existing north-south Yonge-University Spadina side platforms and at that time they were connected by stairs and escalators and have subsequently been made fully accessible by elevator.
Between Yonge and Sherbourne Station to the east, the Bloor-Danforth line crosses to the south side of Bloor Street in a 2,250 feet (690 m) long section of bored tunnel, rather than the shallow cut and cover method used to construct most of the line. Cumberland Terrace, a two storey shopping centre, has been built over the right-of-way west of Yonge Street to Bay Street.
- 97B Yonge
- "Subway ridership, 2011-2012". Toronto Transit Commission. "This table shows the typical number of customer-trips made on each subway on an average weekday and the typical number of customers travelling to and from each station platform on an average weekday. Five stations serve two subways, and so are listed twice, once for each subway"
- Kalinowski, Tess (7 December 2009). "TTC crowd control now permanent". Toronto Star. Retrieved 7 December 2009.
- Munro, Steve (27 November 2009). "The Bloor-Yonge Platform Experiment". Retrieved 7 December 2009.
- Bloor-Yonge: Accessible Alternatives
- James Bow. "A History of Subways on Bloor and Queen Streets". Transit Toronto. Retrieved May 2012.
a. ^ Figure derived from adding the ridership of Bloor and Yonge platforms; therefore a passenger transferring from Bloor to Yonge or vice versa will be counted twice.
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