Boblo Island Amusement Park

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Boblo Island
Boblo.jpg
Former main dock to Boblo Island
Coordinates 42°05′38.19″N 83°07′2.94″W / 42.0939417°N 83.1174833°W / 42.0939417; -83.1174833Coordinates: 42°05′38.19″N 83°07′2.94″W / 42.0939417°N 83.1174833°W / 42.0939417; -83.1174833
Opened 1898
Closed September 30, 1993

Boblo Island Amusement Park was an amusement park which ran from 1898 until its closure on September 30, 1993. Its amusement rides were sold in 1994.[1]

The park was located on Bois Blanc Island, Ontario. It lies just above the mouth of the Detroit River. The people of Detroit, Michigan characterized it as that city's Coney Island.[2]

Bob-Lo Boats[edit]

The island is a five-minute ferry ride from Amherstburg, Ontario, and 18 miles from Detroit. For more than 85 years, the park was serviced by the SS Ste. Clair and the SS Columbia ferry boats.[1] The Boblo Island Amusement Park was famous for those two steamers, the "Bob-Lo Boats," which went between Detroit and the island. They could hold over 2,500 passengers each.[1] The ferry boats were sold in January 1996.[1] Other smaller ferries served the park from Amherstburg and Gibraltar, Michigan, which were located closer to the park on the Detroit River.

The abandoned Boblo Island Detroit Dock building in Detroit in 2010.

Attractions[edit]

The dance hall in its heyday, 1914

The Nightmare, Falling Star, Wild Mouse, Sky Streak, and Screamer rides, a Ferris wheel, a zoo, and a carousel were the signature attractions.[1] To move visitors around the island, the park constructed a small railroad.[1] Henry Ford financed a dance hall that was rumored to have been designed and built by famed Detroit architect Albert Kahn[3] but was later determined to have been designed by John Scott.[4] The dance hall was the second largest in the world, holding 5,000 dancers at full capacity[3] and featured one of the world's largest orchestrions from the Welte company: a 16 foot tall, 14 foot wide, self-playing orchestra with 419 pipes and percussion section.[4]

Bob-Lo Excursion Co. v. Michigan[edit]

The State of Michigan brought a racial discrimination case, Bob-Lo Excursion Co. v. Michigan, against the operators of the ferry service.[2] The case reached the U.S. Supreme Court and resulted in a notable 1948 decision construing the scope of the commerce clause. In June 1945, Sarah Elizabeth Ray and twelve other female workers involved in the war effort (and referred to as "girls" during the legal proceedings) took part in a sponsored trip to Boblo Island. Ray was removed from the boat because she was not white, enforced according to a Bob-Lo company policy "excluding so-called 'Zoot-suiters,' the rowdyish, the rough, and the boisterous, and it also adopted the policy of excluding colored."[2] The company had claimed it could exclude her because it was a private concern operating in another country and that neither Michigan nor any other state had authority to regulate commerce with Canada (a foreign country); the United States Supreme Court affirmed the Michigan Supreme Court, which had upheld the jurisdiction of the state's anti-discrimination provisions and found against the company.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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