Bothrops jararacussu

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Bothrops jararacussu
Jararacuçu.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Subfamily: Crotalinae
Genus: Bothrops
Species: B. jararacussu
Binomial name
Bothrops jararacussu
Lacerda, 1884[1]
Bothrops jararacussu distribution.png
Synonyms
  • Bothrops jararacussu Lacerda, 1884
  • Lachesis jararacussu – Serié, 1915
  • Lachesis lanceolatus
    Boulenger, 1896 (part)
  • Bothrops jararacussu Amaral, 1925[2]

Bothrops jararacussu, commonly known in English as the jararacussu, is a venomous pit viper species endemic to South America.[2]

Geographic range[edit]

It is found in eastern Brazil (from Bahia to Santa Catarina), Paraguay, southeastern Bolivia, and northeastern Argentina (Misiones Province).[2]

Common names[edit]

In Brazil Bothrops jararacussu is known by many common names, among which are the following: jararacuçu, jararacuçu-verdadeiro, patrona, surucucu, surucucu-dourada, surucucu-tapete, urutu-dourado, and urutu-estrela.[3]

Venom[edit]

Like all other species in the genus Bothrops, the jararacussu has rather potent venom, and fatalities are known.

References[edit]

  1. ^ ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information System). www.itis.gov.
  2. ^ a b c The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
  3. ^ Ferreira, A.B.H. 1986. Novo Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa: Segunda Edição. Nova Fronteira. Rio de Janeiro. p. 984.

Further reading[edit]

  • Lacerda, J.P. 1884. Leçons sur le venin des serpents du Brésil et sur la méthode de traitement des morsures venimeuses par le permanganate de potasse. Lombaerts & C. Rio de Janeiro. 194 pp. (Bothrops jararacussu, p. 8.)