Brabant (train)

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Brabant
Liege type 15.cropped.JPG
Class 15 locomotive
Overview
Service type Trans Europ Express (TEE)
(1963–1984)
InterCity (IC)
(1984–1987)
EuroCity (EC)
(1987–1993)
Trans Europ Express (TEE)
(1993–1995)
Status Replaced by TGV (Thalys)
Locale France
Belgium
First service 26 May 1963 (1963-05-26)
Last service 23 January 1995 (1995-01-23)
Former operator(s) NMBS /
SNCF
Route
Start Gare du Nord
Stops none
End Brussel Zuid
Distance travelled 310 km
Service frequency Daily
Technical
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification 1500 V DC (France)
3000 V DC (Belgium)

The Brabant was an express train that linked Gare du Nord in Paris, France, with Brussel Zuid in Brussels, Belgium. The train was named after the historical Duchy of Brabant [1] of which Brussels was the capital.

Trans Europ Express[edit]

The Brabant was introduced in the TEE-network to cope with the raising number of passengers between Paris and Brussels.[2] This fourth TEE service between the two cities was planned to be the first trough electric service at this railway line. However, due to the Big Freeze of 1963, the overhead lines works were behind schedule[3] and at 26 May 1963 the service was started with a northbound only DMU, detached from the existing TEE Île de France.

Rolling Stock[edit]

Until 1 September 1963 the Brabant was ridden by RGP 825-multiple units of SNCF. This was nortbound only because the used multiple unit was, after arriving in Brussels, coupled with the southbound TEE Île de France.[4] After completing the electrification the formation changed into a locomotive hauled electric train, riding in both directions.

Locomotives[edit]

Initially the train was hauled by a SNCF class 26000, replaced by the Belgian class 15 at 2 August 1964. Ten years later, at 29 September 1974, the technically identical SNCF class 40100 and Belgian class 18, replaced the class 15 locomotives.[5]

Coaches[edit]

Initially normal DEV A9 coaches were used,[6] which meant a decline in comfort compared to the RGP 825. At 2 August 1964 the comfort was upgraded to TEE level again with the introduction of the PBA (Paris Brussel Amsterdam) class coaches.[7]

Route and timetable[edit]

The TEE service started with trainnumber TEE 128 (Paris - Brussel), at 1 September 1963 the trainnumber TEE 119 was assigned to the southbound train. At 26 May 1967 the train was renumbered, the northbound service became TEE 64, the southbound service became TEE 61.[8] At 23 May 1971 a new renumbering was implemented. All TEE services between Amsterdam and Paris got sequential numbers from 80 up to 87. The odd-numbers for northbound trains, the even-numbers for southboud trains. Within these numbers TEE 83 and TEE 84 were assigned to TEE Brabant.[9]

TEE 84 country station km TEE 83
5:18 p.m.  Belgium Brussel Zuid 0 2:05 p.m.
**:**  Belgium Mons 55 **:**
**:**  France St Quentin 156 **:**
7:43 p.m.  France Paris Nord 310 11:45

At 3 June 1984 the Brabant was downgraded to a two-class intercity service retaining the trainnumbers as IC 83 and IC 84.[10]

EuroCity[edit]

The service was continued as EuroCity EC 83 and EC 86 from 31 May 1987 until 23 May 1993. As the TEE the EuroCity was a nonstop service between Paris and Brussels. The class PBA coaches were partly converted to second-class coaches. The coaches were refurbished with a second-class interior and the red band with TEE lettering on the outside was replaced with a green band. For legal reasons the train was classed again as TEE[11] between May 1993 until the opening of the Paris - Brussels High-speed railway on 23 January 1995.

References[edit]

Works cited[edit]

  • Werbeamt der DB (1971). Vorfahrt in Europa, TEE 1971/72 (in German). Frankfurt am Main: Deutsche Bundesbahn. 
  • Publicrelations UIC (1972). TEE (in Dutch). Paris: Union International des Chemins de Fer. 
  • Hajt, Jörg (2001). Das grosse TEE Buch (in German). Bonn/Königswinter: Heel Verlag. ISBN 3-89365-948-X. 
  • Mertens, Maurice; Malaspina, Jean-Pierre (2007). La Légende des Trans Europ Express (in French). Vannes: LR Presse. ISBN 978-29-036514-5-9.