Bradyrhizobium japonicum

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Bradyrhizobium japonicum
Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA 110 on TY agar.JPG
Bradyrhizobium japonicum strain USDA 110 on an agar plate.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Alphaproteobacteria
Order: Rhizobiales
Family: Bradyrhizobiaceae
Genus: Bradyrhizobium
Species: B. japonicum
Binomial name
Bradyrhizobium japonicum
(Kirchner 1896) Jordan, 1982
Synonyms

Rhizobium japonicum Buchanan 1926
Rhizobacterium japonicum Kirchner 1896[1]

Bradyrhizobium japonicum is a species of legume-root nodulating, microsymbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacterium species. B. japonicum is identified as a DNA homology group (group II).[2]

B. japonicum is able to degrade catechin with formation of phloroglucinol carboxylic acid, further decarboxylated to phloroglucinol, which is dehydroxylated to resorcinol and hydroxyquinol.[citation needed]

B. japonicum possess the nosRZDFYLX gene, which aides in denitrification and has two catalytic subunits - Cu-a and Cu-z (with several histidine residues). It manages an expression cascade that can sense oxygen gradients, termed 'FixJ-FixK2-FixK1.' FixJ positively regulates FixK2, which activates nitrogen respiration genes as well as FixK1. FixK1 mutants are unable to respire from nitrogen due to a defective catatylic copper subunit (Cu-z) in nosRZDFYLX.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Transfer of Rhizobium japonicum Buchanan 1980 to Bradyrhizobium gen. nov., a genus of slow-growing, root nodule bacteria from leguminous plants. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 136-139.
  2. ^ A. B. Hollis, W. E. Kloos & G. E. Elkan (1981). "DNA:DNA hybridization studies of Rhizobium japonicum and related Rhizobiaceae". Journal of General Microbiology 123: 215–222. doi:10.1099/00221287-123-2-215. 
  3. ^ D. Nellen-Anthamatten, P. Rossi et al. (1998). "Bradyrhizobium japonicum, FixK2, a Crucial Distributor in the FixLJ-Dependent Regulatory Cascade for Control of Genes Inducible by Low Oxygen Levels". [Journal of Bacteriology] 180 (19): 5251–5255. 

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