1982 in science
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The year 1982 in science and technology involved many significant events, listed below.
- January 17 – Allan Hills A81005, the first lunar meteorite found on Earth, is discovered in the Allan Hills at the end of the Transantarctic Mountains by John Schutt and Ian Whillans during the ANSMET meteorite gathering expedition.
- March 10 – Syzygy: all 9 planets align on the same side of the Sun.
- October 14 - Halley's Comet: First spotted in the sky after 70 year return.
- January 7 – The Commodore 64 8-bit home computer is launched by Commodore International (released in August); it becomes the all-time best-selling single personal computer model.
- January 30 – First computer virus, the Elk Cloner, written by 15-year old Rich Skrenta, is found in the wild. It infects Apple II computers via floppy disk.
History of science
- Night Thoughts of a Classical Physicist is published by Russell McCormmach. McCormmach uses the novel to present a historiographic point meant to reinforce Thomas Kuhn's conception of a non-linear scientific development.
- Michael Freedman proves the Poincaré conjecture in dimensions equal to 4.
- Brazilian mathematician Celso Costa gives a mathematical description of Costa's minimal surface, the first embedded minimal surface discovered in more than a century.
- July 20 – Allen Hill and colleagues at the University of Oxford develop a glucose biosensor.
- September 9 – George Brownlee and colleagues at the University of Oxford publish their results of cloning human clotting factor IX.
- November – Helen House, the world’s first children’s hospice, is set up by Sister Frances Dominica in Oxford, England.
- December 2 – At the University of Utah, 61-year-old retired dentist Barney Clark becomes the first person to receive a permanent artificial heart; he lives for 112 days with the device.
- Working Formulation adopted as a standard classification for non-Hodgkin lymphomas.
- Fields Prize in Mathematics: Alain Connes, William Thurston and Shing-Tung Yau
- Nobel Prizes
- Turing Award – Stephen Cook
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- March 25 – Rufus P. Turner (b. 1907), African American electronic engineer.
- April 9 – Robert Havemann (b. 1910), German chemist.
- May 3 – Henri Tajfel (b. 1919), Polish-born British social psychologist.
- May 22 – Jay Laurence Lush (b. 1896), American livestock geneticist.
- June 12 – Karl von Frisch (b. 1886), Austrian-born ethologist and winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
- July 29 – Vladimir K. Zworykin (b. 1889), Russian American pioneer of television technology.
- December 27 – Jack Swigert (b. 1931), American astronaut.
- "Allan Hills A81005". Meteoritical Society. Retrieved 2013-01-11.
- Marvin, Ursula B. (1983-01-01). "The discovery and initial characterization of Allan Hills 81005: The first lunar meteorite". Geophysical Research Letters 10 (9): 775. Bibcode:1983GeoRL..10..775M. doi:10.1029/GL010i009p00775.
- Righter, Kevin; Gruener, John. "Allan Hills A81005". NASA. Retrieved 2013-01-11.
- Righter, Kevin; Gruener, John. "The Lunar Meteorite Compendium". NASA. Retrieved 2013-01-11.
- Greener, Mark (2005). MAbs Turn 30. The Scientist 19(3):14–16. Tseng S.C.; Jarvinen M.J.; Nelson W.G.; Huang J.W.; Woodcock-Mitchell J.; and Sun T.T. (1982). Correlation of specific keratins with different types of epithelial differentiation: monoclonal antibody studies. Cell 30(2):361–372. PMID 6183000. Woodcock-Mitchell J.; Eichner R.; Nelson W.G.; and Sun T.T. (1982). Immunolocalization of keratin polypeptides in human epidermis using monoclonal antibodies. Journal of Cell Biology 95(2pt1):256–269. PMID 6183275.
- "How many Commodore 64 computers were sold?". pagetable. Retrieved 2013-03-25.
- "Elk Cloner". SearchSecurity. June 2004. Retrieved 2012-01-28.
- Crilly, Tony (2007). 50 Mathematical Ideas you really need to know. London: Quercus. p. 93. ISBN 978-1-84724-008-8.
- Costa, Celso (1982). Imersões mínimas completas em de gênero um e curvatura total finita. Ph.D. Thesis, IMPA, Rio de Janeiro.
- Choo, K. H.; Gould, K. G.; Rees, D. J. G.; Brownlee, G. G. (1982). "Molecular cloning of the gene for human anti-haemophilic factor IX". Nature 299: 178–180. doi:10.1038/299178a0.
- Midgley, Emma (2009-09-09). "The story of Helen House". BBC Berkshire. Retrieved 2013-09-07.