The Nan Hua Temple Complex in Bronkhorstspruit
|Municipality||City of Tshwane|
|• Total||3.11 km2 (1.20 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,375 m (4,511 ft)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)|
|Postal code (street)||1020|
Bronkhorstspruit is a small developing town 50 km east of Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa along the N4 highway towards Witbank. It lies on the border between the Gauteng and Mpumalanga provinces. It also consists of three townships called Zithobeni, Rethabiseng and Ekangala.
In 1858, a group of Voortrekkers settled in the Bronkhorstspruit creek, which was originally called Kalkoenkransrivier ('Turkey Cliff River'). In June 1897, the South African Republic gave its approval for the town, then already named Bronkhorstspruit by locals after the Bronkhorstspruit River.
There is disagreement about where the town got its name from. Some believe it was named after the farmer JG Bronkhorst, while others say that it was named after the plant, bronkors (Afrikaans for watercress), that grew in the region of the creek.
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