Buchberg, Schaffhausen

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For Buchberg in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, see Buchberg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.
Buchberg
Buchberg -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Buchberg
Canton Schaffhausen
District n.a.
47°34′N 8°33′E / 47.567°N 8.550°E / 47.567; 8.550Coordinates: 47°34′N 8°33′E / 47.567°N 8.550°E / 47.567; 8.550
Population 837 (Dec 2012)[1]
- Density 139 /km2 (359 /sq mi)
Area 5.89 km2 (2.27 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 487 m (1,598 ft)
Postal code 8454
SFOS number 2933
Surrounded by Eglisau (ZH), Flaach (ZH), Freienstein-Teufen (ZH), Marthalen (ZH), Rafz (ZH), Rüdlingen
Twin towns Schnaittenbach (Germany)
Website www.buchberg.ch
Profile (German), SFSO statistics
Buchberg is located in Switzerland
Buchberg
Buchberg

Buchberg is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen in Switzerland.

With Rüdlingen, Buchberg forms an exclave of the Canton of Schaffhausen on the Rhine, bordered by the Canton of Zürich and Baden-Württemberg.

History[edit]

Buchberg is first mentioned around 1111-24 as Bochberg. In 1236 it was mentioned as Buchberge.[3]

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Gules a Beech Vert trunked proper issuant from Coupeaux of the second. The coat of arms is an example of canting in that the tree is a beech tree (German: Buche) and it stands on a mountain (German: berg).[4]

Geography[edit]

The Rhine Valley around Buchberg, view from the Irchel Hochwacht

Buchberg has an area, as of 2006, of 5.9 km2 (2.3 sq mi). Of this area, 52.4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 34.3% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 8.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (5.1%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[5]

The municipality is located in the Schaffhausen district. The exclave municipalities of Rüdlingen and Buchberg are both located on the Hurbig hill above Eglisau and along the Rhine knee.

Demographics[edit]

Buchberg has a population (as of 2008) of 811, of which 8.0% are foreign nationals. Of the foreign population, (as of 2008), 45.5% are from Germany, 4.5% are from Italy, 1.5% are from Croatia, 16.7% are from Macedonia, and 31.8% are from another country.[6] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 8.1%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (95.4%), with Albanian being second most common ( 1.4%) and French being third ( 0.8%).[5]

The age distribution of the population (as of 2008) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 21.3% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 62.5% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 16.2%.[6]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 46% of the vote. The next two most popular parties were the SP (31%), and the FDP (23%) .[5]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Buchberg about 86.9% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[5] In Buchberg, as of 2007, 2.1% of the population is attending kindergarten or another pre-school, 7.66% are attending a Primary School, 2.22% attend a lower level Secondary School, and 1.48% attend a higher level Secondary School.[6]

As of 2000, 13% of the population belonged to the Roman Catholic Church and 71.9% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church.[6]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1836 605
1850 656
1900 520
1950 398
2000 777

Employment[edit]

Buchberg has an unemployment rate of 0.8%. As of 2005, there were 74 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 28 businesses involved in this sector. 43 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 6 businesses in this sector. 69 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 26 businesses in this sector.[5]

As of 2008 the mid year average unemployment rate was 0.4%. There were 32 non-agrarian businesses in the municipality and 45.3% of the (non-agrarian) population was involved in the secondary sector of the economy while 54.7% were involved in the third. At the same time, 58.6% of the working population was employed full-time, and 41.4% was employed part-time. There were 128 residents of the municipality were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 47.7% of the workforce. As of 2000 there were 103 residents who worked in the municipality, while 297 residents worked outside Buchberg and 45 people commuted into the municipality for work.[6]

As of 2008, there are 3 restaurants and the hospitality industry in Buchberg employs 18 people.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 29 August 2013
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b Buchberg in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 8 December 2009
  5. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 8 December 2009
  6. ^ a b c d e f Statistical Office of the Canton of Schaffhausen (German) accessed 2 December 2009

External links[edit]