Bujumbura

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This article is about the city Bujumbura. For provinces with this name, see Bujumbura Province.
Bujumbura
Central Bujumbura, with Lake Tanganyika in the background
Central Bujumbura, with Lake Tanganyika in the background
Bujumbura is located in Burundi
Bujumbura
Bujumbura
Coordinates: 3°23′S 29°22′E / 3.383°S 29.367°E / -3.383; 29.367Coordinates: 3°23′S 29°22′E / 3.383°S 29.367°E / -3.383; 29.367
Country  Burundi
Province Bujumbura Mairie Province
Founded 1871
Area
 • City 86.52 km2 (33.41 sq mi)
Elevation 774 m (2,539 ft)
Population (2008 census)
 • City 497,166
 • Density 2,720.6/km2 (7,046/sq mi)
 • Metro 800,000
Time zone CAT (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) none (UTC+2)
Website Official site

Bujumbura (/ˌbəmˈbʊərə/; French pronunciation: ​[buʒumbuʁa]) is the capital, largest city, and main port of Burundi. It ships most of the country's chief export, coffee, as well as cotton, skins, and tin ore. It is on the northeastern shore of Lake Tanganyika.

Description[edit]

The city center is a colonial town with a large market, the national stadium, a large mosque, and the cathedral for the Archdiocese of Bujumbura. Museums in the city include the Burundi Museum of Life and the Burundi Geological Museum. Other nearby attractions include the Rusizi National Park, the Livingstone-Stanley Monument at Mugere (where David Livingstone and Henry Morton Stanley visited 14 days after their first historic meeting at Ujiji in Tanzania), the presidential palace and the source of the southernmost tributary of the Nile, described locally as the source of the Nile.

Ferries sail from Bujumbura to Kigoma in Tanzania. The city is home to the Bujumbura International Airport and the University of Burundi.

History[edit]

Bujumbura grew from a small village after it became a military post in German East Africa in 1889. After World War I it was made the administrative center of the Belgian League of Nations mandate of Ruanda-Urundi. The name was changed from Usumbura to Bujumbura when Burundi became independent in 1962. Since independence, Bujumbura has been the scene of frequent fighting between the country's two main ethnic groups, with Hutu militias opposing the Tutsi-dominated Burundi army. Bujumbura today stands as an undeveloped city but remains to develop with its country.

2014 jogging ban[edit]

According to the BBC, Bujumbura residents are known for their "tradition of Saturday morning runs started during Burundi's long years of ethnic conflict." Because the surrounding hills were home to armed militants before 2005, Bujumbura residents "would try to vent their fear and frustration and claustrophobia, by running, often in a group."[1]

Unfortunately, in March 2014, President Pierre Nkurunziza banned jogging, due to "fears it was being used as a cover for subversion."[1] That same month, twenty-one opposition supporters were sentenced to life in prison for using "jogging" as a way to organize "an illegal demonstration that turned violent."[2] As of June 2014 in Bujumbura, "the authorities have since restricted jogging clubs to certain areas. All sports must now take place in nine parks in Bujumbura and other designated football pitches."[2]

Geography[edit]

Administration[edit]

Bujumbura is governed by a community council and community administrator. It is further divided into 13 communes, or neighborhoods, each with its own council and boss.[3]

Climate[edit]

Bujumbura features a tropical savanna climate (Koppen: Aw)[4] with distinct wet and dry seasons. Its wet season is from October through April, while the dry season covers the remaining five months. Despite being located close to the equator, Bujumbura is not nearly as warm as one might expect, due to its altitude. Average temperatures are constant throughout the course of the year with the high temperature at around 29 °C (84 °F) and the low temperature at around 19 °C (66 °F).

Climate data for Bujumbura
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34
(93)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
33
(91)
33
(91)
33
(91)
33
(91)
34
(93)
34
(93)
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
30
(86)
28
(82)
28
(82)
29
(84)
Daily mean °C (°F) 23.9
(75)
23.9
(75)
23.9
(75)
23.9
(75)
23.8
(74.8)
23.6
(74.5)
23.3
(73.9)
24.3
(75.7)
25.2
(77.4)
25.1
(77.2)
23.7
(74.7)
23.9
(75)
24.04
(75.27)
Average low °C (°F) 19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
18
(64)
17
(63)
18
(64)
19
(66)
20
(68)
19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
Record low °C (°F) 14
(57)
15
(59)
14
(57)
15
(59)
16
(61)
13
(55)
11
(52)
13
(55)
14
(57)
14
(57)
15
(59)
16
(61)
11
(52)
Precipitation mm (inches) 94
(3.7)
109
(4.29)
121
(4.76)
125
(4.92)
57
(2.24)
11
(0.43)
5
(0.2)
11
(0.43)
37
(1.46)
64
(2.52)
100
(3.94)
114
(4.49)
796
(31.34)
Avg. rainy days 15 14 17 18 10 3 1 2 8 12 19 19 138
 % humidity 79 79 81 82 78 67 62 55 59 65 75 78 71.7
Mean daily sunshine hours 5 6 5 5 6 8 8 8 7 6 5 5 6.2
Source #1: BBC Weather [5]
Source #2: Climatemps (rainy days, humidity),[6][7] Climate-Data.org (daily mean temperatures),[4] Weather2Travel (sunshine)[8]

Economy[edit]

Air Burundi, the national airline, has its head office in Bujumbura.[9][10]

Education[edit]

The University of Burundi is in Bujumbura, as are Hope Africa University and Université du Lac Tanganyika.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Franks, Tim (2014-06-15). "Burundi: Where jogging is a crime". BBC News. Retrieved 2014-06-18. 
  2. ^ a b "Burundi MSD opposition 'joggers' get life sentences". BBC News. 2014-03-21. Retrieved 2014-06-18. 
  3. ^ L’administration de la Municipalité de Bujumbura, official city website
  4. ^ a b "Bujumbura - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  5. ^ "Average Conditions Bujumbura, Burundi". BBC Weather. Retrieved September 2, 2009. 
  6. ^ "Climate of Burundi, Burundi Average Weather". Climatemps. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  7. ^ "Relative Humidity in Burundi, Burundi". Climatemps. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  8. ^ "Bujumbura Climate and Weather Averages, Burundi". Weather2Travel. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  9. ^ World Airline Directory. Flight International. 31 March - 6 April 1999. "51.
  10. ^ World Airline Directory. Flight International. 16–22 March 2004. "58."

External links[edit]