Bujumbura

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Bujumbura
Central Bujumbura, with Lake Tanganyika in the background
Central Bujumbura, with Lake Tanganyika in the background
Bujumbura is located in Burundi
Bujumbura
Bujumbura
Coordinates: 3°23′S 29°22′E / 3.383°S 29.367°E / -3.383; 29.367Coordinates: 3°23′S 29°22′E / 3.383°S 29.367°E / -3.383; 29.367
Country  Burundi
Province Bujumbura Mairie Province
Founded 1871
Area
 • City 86.52 km2 (33.41 sq mi)
Elevation 774 m (2,539 ft)
Population (2008 census)
 • City 497,166
 • Density 2,720.6/km2 (7,046/sq mi)
 • Metro 800,000
Time zone CAT (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) none (UTC+2)
Website Official site

Bujumbura (/ˌbəmˈbʊərə/; French pronunciation: ​[buʒumbuʁa]) is the capital, largest city, and main port of Burundi. It ships most of the country's chief export, coffee, as well as cotton, skins, and tin ore. It is on the northeastern shore of Lake Tanganyika.

Description[edit]

The city center is a colonial town with a large market, the national stadium, a large mosque, and the cathedral for the Archdiocese of Bujumbura. Museums in the city include the Burundi Museum of Life and the Burundi Geological Museum. Other nearby attractions include the Rusizi National Park, the Livingstone-Stanley Monument at Mugere (where David Livingstone and Henry Morton Stanley visited 14 days after their first historic meeting at Ujiji in Tanzania), the presidential palace and the source of the southernmost tributary of the Nile, described locally as the source of the Nile.

Ferries sail from Bujumbura to Kigoma in Tanzania. The city is home to the Bujumbura International Airport and the University of Burundi.

History[edit]

Bujumbura grew from a small village after it became a military post in German East Africa in 1889. After World War I it was made the administrative center of the Belgian League of Nations mandate of Ruanda-Urundi. The name was changed from Usumbura to Bujumbura when Burundi became independent in 1962. Since independence, Bujumbura has been the scene of frequent fighting between the country's two main ethnic groups, with Hutu militias opposing the Tutsi-dominated Burundi army. Bujumbura today stands as an undeveloped city but remains to develop with its country.

Geography[edit]

Administration[edit]

Bujumbura is governed by a community council and community administrator. It is further divided into 13 communes, or neighborhoods, each with its own council and boss.[1]

Climate[edit]

Bujumbura features a tropical savanna climate with distinct wet and dry seasons. Its wet season is from October through April, while the dry season covers the remaining five months. Despite being located close to the equator, Bujumbura is not nearly as warm as one might expect, due to its altitude. Average temperatures are constant throughout the course of the year with the high temperature at around 29°C and the low temperature at around 19°C.

Climate data for Bujumbura
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34
(93)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
33
(91)
33
(91)
33
(91)
33
(91)
34
(93)
34
(93)
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
30
(86)
28
(82)
28
(82)
29
(84)
Average low °C (°F) 19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
18
(64)
17
(63)
18
(64)
19
(66)
20
(68)
19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
Record low °C (°F) 14
(57)
15
(59)
14
(57)
15
(59)
16
(61)
13
(55)
11
(52)
13
(55)
14
(57)
14
(57)
15
(59)
16
(61)
11
(52)
Precipitation mm (inches) 94
(3.7)
109
(4.29)
121
(4.76)
125
(4.92)
57
(2.24)
11
(0.43)
5
(0.2)
11
(0.43)
37
(1.46)
64
(2.52)
100
(3.94)
114
(4.49)
796
(31.34)
Source: BBC Weather [2]

Economy[edit]

Air Burundi, the national airline, has its head office in Bujumbura.[3][4]

Education[edit]

The University of Burundi is in Bujumbura, as are Hope Africa University and Université du Lac Tanganyika.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ L’administration de la Municipalité de Bujumbura, official city website
  2. ^ "Average Conditions Bujumbura, Burundi". BBC Weather. Retrieved September 2, 2009. 
  3. ^ World Airline Directory. Flight International. 31 March - 6 April 1999. "51.
  4. ^ World Airline Directory. Flight International. 16–22 March 2004. "58."

External links[edit]