C-class destroyer (1913)

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For other classes of the same name, see C class destroyer.
HMS Chamois
Class overview
Builders: Various
Operators: Royal Navy
Built: 1896–1902
In commission: 1896–1921
Completed: 40
Lost: 11
Scrapped: 29
General characteristics
Type: Torpedo boat destroyer
Displacement: 344–445 long tons (350–452 t)
Length: 209–215 ft (64–66 m)
Propulsion: Triple expansion steam engines
Coal-fired water-tube boilers
and/or
Steam turbines
Speed: 30–36.5 knots (55.6–67.6 km/h; 34.5–42.0 mph)
Complement: 62–68
Armament:

1 × QF 12-pounder (76-mm) gun
5 × QF 6-pounder (57-mm) guns

2 × 18-inch (450-mm) torpedo tubes

The C class as designated in 1913 was a heterogeneous group of torpedo boat destroyers (TBDs) built for the Royal Navy in the late-1890s. They were constructed to the individual designs of their builders to meet Admiralty specifications. The uniting feature of the class was a top speed of 30 knots, a "turtleback" forecastle and that they all had three funnels. The funnels were spaced equidistantly and were of equal height, but the central one was thicker.

In 1913 all "30 knotter" vessels with 3 funnels were classified by the Admiralty as the "C" class to provide some system to the naming of HM destroyers (at the same time, the 4-funnelled, "30 knotters" became the "B" class and the 2-funnelled ships the "D" class). All vessels had the distinctive turtleback that was intended to clear water from the bows but actually tended to dig the bow in to anything of a sea, resulting in a very wet conning position and poor seaboats that were unable to reach top speed in anything but perfect conditions.

They generally displaced around 350 tons and had a length of around 200 feet. All were powered by triple expansion steam engines for 5,800 shp and had coal-fired water-tube boilers, except some unique "specials" that used steam turbines in addition to, or in lieu of, the reciprocating engines. Armament was one QF 12 pounder on a bandstand on the forecastle, five QF 6 pounder (two sided abreast the conning tower, two sided between the funnels and one on the quarterdeck) and 2 single tubes for 18 inch torpedoes.

Ships[edit]

  • Star class (390 tons, built by Palmers, Jarrow);
    • Star, launched 11 August 1896, sold for breaking up 10 June 1919.
    • Whiting, launched 26 August 1896, sold for breaking up 27 November 1919.
    • Bat, launched 7 October 1896, sold for breaking up 30 August 1919.
    • Chamois, launched 9 November 1896, foundered 26 September 1904 after mechanical failure caused a propeller blade to penetrate the hull plating.
    • Crane, launched 17 December 1896, sold for breaking up 10 June 1919.
    • Flying Fish, launched 4 March 1897, sold for breaking up 30 August 1919.
    • Fawn, launched 13 April 1897, sold for breaking up 23 July 1919.
    • Flirt, launched 15 May 1897, torpedoed and sunk by German destroyers 27 October 1916.[1]
  • Avon class (355 tons except last two ships 350 tons, all built by Naval Construction and Armament Company - later Vickers Limited, Barrow in Furness)
    • Avon, launched 10 October 1896, sold for breaking up 1 July 1920.
    • Bittern, launched 1 February 1897, rammed and sunk by SS Kenilworth off Portland Bill, 4 April 1918.
    • Otter, launched 23 November 1896, sold at Hong Kong 26 October 1916.
    • Leopard, launched 20 March 1897, sold for breaking up 10 June 1919.
    • Vixen, launched 29 March 1900, sold for breaking up 17 March 1921.
  • Gipsy class (355 tons, built by Fairfield, Govan)
    • Gipsy, launched 9 March 1897, sold 17 March 1921 and then used as a floating pontoon at Dartmouth for many years.
    • Fairy, launched 25 September 1897, foundered after damaged sustained ramming of UC-75 in North Sea, 31 May 1918.
    • Osprey, launched 7 April 1897, sold for breaking up 4 November 1919.
    • Leven, 370 tons, launched 28 June 1898, sold for breaking up 14 September 1920.
    • Falcon, 375 tons, launched 29 December 1899, sunk in collision 1 April 1918 with trawler John Fitzgerald in the North Sea. The captain was Lieutenant Charles Lightoller RNR, who previously had been second officer of RMS Titanic.
    • Ostrich, 375 tons, launched 22 March 1900, sold for breaking up 29 April 1920.
  • Thornycroft special
    • Albatross, 380 tons, launched 19 July 1898, sold for breaking up 7 June 1920.
  • Viper class Hawthorn specials, (4 shafts, steam turbines)
    • Viper, 344 tons, launched 6 September 1899, wrecked near Alderney in accident 3 August 1901.
    • Velox (ex-Python), 445 tons, launched 11 February 1902, mined and sunk off Nab light vessel, 25 October 1915.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Major Warships Sunk in World War 1 1916". World War 1 Naval Combat. Retrieved 2007-01-06. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]