Caledonia, Mississippi

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Caledonia, Mississippi
Town
Location of Caledonia, Mississippi
Location of Caledonia, Mississippi
Coordinates: 33°41′5″N 88°19′37″W / 33.68472°N 88.32694°W / 33.68472; -88.32694Coordinates: 33°41′5″N 88°19′37″W / 33.68472°N 88.32694°W / 33.68472; -88.32694
Country United States
State Mississippi
County Lowndes, Monroe
Area
 • Total 2.8 sq mi (7.3 km2)
 • Land 2.8 sq mi (7.3 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 354 ft (108 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 1,041
 • Density 370/sq mi (140/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
FIPS code 28-10460
GNIS feature ID 0667916

Caledonia is a town in Lowndes and Monroe counties in Mississippi, northeast of Columbus. The population was 1,041 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Caledonia is located at 33°41′5″N 88°19′37″W / 33.68472°N 88.32694°W / 33.68472; -88.32694 (33.684801, -88.327043)[2]. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2), of which 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2) is land and 0.35% is water.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Caledonia, Mississippi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 81
(27)
88
(31)
91
(33)
93
(34)
97
(36)
104
(40)
105
(41)
105
(41)
102
(39)
93
(34)
86
(30)
82
(28)
105
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 53
(12)
59
(15)
67
(19)
76
(24)
82
(28)
89
(32)
91
(33)
91
(33)
85
(29)
76
(24)
66
(19)
56
(13)
74.3
(23.4)
Average low °F (°C) 34
(1)
38
(3)
45
(7)
53
(12)
61
(16)
68
(20)
71
(22)
70
(21)
64
(18)
52
(11)
43
(6)
37
(3)
53
(11.7)
Record low °F (°C) −1
(−18)
5
(−15)
14
(−10)
28
(−2)
39
(4)
43
(6)
55
(13)
51
(11)
37
(3)
28
(−2)
15
(−9)
−1
(−18)
−1
(−18)
Source: The Weather Channel[3]

History[edit]

Caledonia was originally known as Yeggerstown, named after the abundant number of Yeggers (now Eggers) who settled there in the 1830s. According to the Caledonia Public Library, the town was renamed by one of the Yeggers who saw a blonde girl he aspired to romance named Caledonia. Caledonia is the Latin name given by the Roman Empire to what is now called Scotland. Former mayors of Caledonia include George Gerhart, Don Myers, and Walton O. Willis.

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,041 people residing in the town. 92.7% were White, 4.0% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from some other race and 1.6% of two or more races. 2.4% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,015 people, 365 households, and 287 families residing in the town. The population density was 360.4 people per square mile (139.0/km²). There were 395 housing units at an average density of 140.3 per square mile (54.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.19% White. 3.94% African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.30% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.18% of the population.In 2012, there were 1,030 people. In 2014, there were 1,041 people.

There were 365 households out of which 41.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.7% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.1% were non-families. 19.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the town the population was spread out with 30.3% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 8.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 97.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $41,071, and the median income for a family was $50,625. Males had a median income of $32,159 versus $22,051 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,798. About 3.3% of families and 8.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.6% of those under age 18 and 23.8% of those age 65 or over.

Schools[edit]

The Town of Caledonia is served by the Lowndes County School District. It is home to Caledonia Elementary School, consisting of grades K-5, Caledonia Middle School, grades 6-8, and Caledonia High school, grades 9-12, together are called Caledonia School. The current high school building opened August 1986 after the passage of a county bond issue in November 1984. The new building replaced the historic auditorium that burned down in 1982. The elementary is the first level 5 school in the district. The school's nickname is the Confederates or Feds and the school colors are cardinal red and white.The school along with Amory school district are the best school districts in North Mississippi. Caledonia offers more AP(Advanced Placement)classes than Columbus, West Lowndes, or New Hope schools.

The high school was heavily damaged by a tornado on January 10, 2008. The part of the school that was hit has now been rebuilt. The school has rebuilt the vo-tech center and have gotten a new middle school gym.

Notable people[edit]

  • Arbelia Wood, purported but unverifiable supercentenarian, who was allegedly born April 6, 1893, Caledonia, Mississippi (or 1885, as per some family sources, which claim she was a month shy of 120 at her death); she died March 11, 2005, Clinton Township, Michigan.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2012. 
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ "Monthly Averages and Record Temperatures for Caledonia, MS". The Weather Channel. 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-14. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Arbelia Wood". Toledo Blade. March 16, 2005.