|This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2010)|
The 'crooked lake' from which Camlough derives its name
Camlough shown within Northern Ireland
|District||Newry & Mourne|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Dialling code||028, +44 28|
|EU Parliament||Northern Ireland|
|UK Parliament||Newry & Armagh|
|NI Assembly||Newry & Armagh|
Camlough or Camloch (// kam-LOKH; from Irish: Camloch, meaning "crooked lake") is a small village in County Armagh, Northern Ireland. It is near Bessbrook and the slopes of the Ring of Gullion. In the 2011 Census it had a recorded population of 1,081.
In December 1920, local man Frank Aiken led an abortive Irish Republican Army assault on the Royal Irish Constabulary station in Camlough. In reprisal the newly-formed Ulster Special Constabulary burned Aiken's home and those of ten of his relatives in the area.
Camlough is situated in South Armagh, which was the most militarised region in Western Europe during the Troubles. The region was a stronghold of support for the Provisional IRA, earning it the nickname "Bandit Country" (see Provisional IRA South Armagh Brigade).
On 19 May 1981, five British soldiers were killed in an Irish Republican Army (IRA) landmine attack on the Chancellors Road near Camlough. The soldiers had been travelling in a Saracen armoured personnel carrier when the bomb exploded. This attack was during the 1981 Irish hunger strike in Maze (HM Prison), and near to the home of one of the hunger strikers, Raymond McCreesh.
A Guinness world record for the longest open water relay swim was broken by a team of intrepid swimmers at Camlough Lake in south Armagh on Wednesday 16 September 2009. The group beat the world record for a 'continuous long distance relay swim' after embarking on the world beating attempt over a week before.
Two hundred swimmers from across Ireland took part in the challenge. The previous record was 480 km; Camlough set the record at 680 km.
Places of interest
- Ballykeel Dolmen and Cairn are south west of Camlough, at the western foot of Slieve Gullion. The dolmen is an example of a portal dolmen and is made up of two portal stones with a sill between, and a lower backstone supporting a huge capstone.
- Feile Chamlocha is the annual festival held in Camlough in the summer months including Camlough Festival and the Crooked Lake Triathlon
- Camlough Lake Water Festival CLWF is home to Irelands only outdoor / open water swimming festival over a weekend in August. As well as introductory swimming events the lake also hosts the National 5k & 10k swims for Swim Ireland. Other events include:
Lord & Lady of the Lake 2.4km / Night Swim / Coffee Dock Swim / Try a Tri / 1k swim / Kids & adults duathalon (swim run)
Open Water / Marathon Swimming Since breaking the Open Water Relay Guinness World Record the lake has been a prominent training ground for Triathaletes and Open Water Swimmers. Local Swimmer and CLWF Chairman Padraig Mallon then went on to complete the English and North Channel in the same year (only 3rd person to ever do so). His sister Colleen Mallon went on to break the Irish record for crossing the North Channel in 2014 and Keith Garry completed the English Channel in 2014. The area has also produced 2 successful relay teams crossing the North Channel and world class ice swimmers.
Camloch is famous for its links with the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA). The village hosts two Gaelic football clubs. St Patrick's Carrickcruppen GFC has won four Senior county championships; Shane O'Neill's GAC, a continuation of the first Camloch club (William O'Brien's, founded in 1888), has won two Senior and three Junior titles.
Craobh Rua Camloch hurling club was established in 1991 in the Camlough and Bessbrook areas of South Armagh. As hurling had not been played in the area in some 40 years, the club received some help from Armagh Hurling Board chairman, Jimmy Carlisle, who helped set up coaching courses for the children and their mentors. Over its first ten years the club has successfully fielded teams at under 12, under 14, under 16 and since 2010 at under 8, minor and senior levels. They play their home games at Dunster Park (An Dún Rua) on High Street, Derrymore.
In 2010 the Seniors reached the Junior Championship Final and subsequently made it to the semi-final of the Ulster championship. The Under 14s won the 2010 Championship and the Feile, and represented County Armagh in the All Ireland Feile in Ennis, where they reached the semi-final. There are currently three Craobh Rua players representing Armagh at senior inter-county level, Fiachra Bradley, Micheal Garvey and Ryan Lewis.
Camlough is classified as a Small Village by the NI Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) (i.e. with population between 500 and 1,000 people). On Census day (April 29, 2001) there were 910 people living in Camlough. Of these:
- 27.6% were aged under 16 years;
- 12.6% were aged 60 and over;
- the average age was 31.8 years (NI average age 35.8 years);
- 46.5% of the population were male and 53.5% were female;
- 98.8% were from a Catholic Community Background;
- 1.2% were from a 'Protestant and Other Christian (including Christian related)' Community Background;
- 9.7% were born outside Northern Ireland; and
- 0.0% were from an ethnic group other than white.
- Frank Aiken, prominent IRA figure during the War of Independence and later becoming a Fianna Fáil TD and Minister for External Affairs in the Republic of Ireland
- Eugene O'Callaghan, Roman Catholic Bishop of Clogher 1943–1969
- Conor Murphy, Sinn Féin Member of Parliament for Newry and Armagh
- Eamon Collins, IRA 'Supergrass'
- Raymond McCreesh, IRA Volunteer who died after 61 days on hunger-strike in 1981.
- Paddy Quinn, volunteer within the 1st Battalion, South Armagh Brigade of the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) who took part in the 1981 Irish hunger strike.
- Tomás Ó Fiaich, Irish Roman Catholic Cardinal, Archbishop of Armagh and the Primate of All Ireland.
- Andrew Britton, author
- Placenames Database of Ireland
- See Census 2011 - Headcount and Household Estimates for Settlements published by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency, available at http://www.nisra.gov.uk/census/2011/results/settlements.html
- "Archaeological Sites of Counties Armagh and Down" (PDF). Northern Ireland Archaeology Forum. Retrieved 2010-11-17.