Canary big-eared bat

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Canary big-eared bat
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Vespertilionidae
Genus: Plecotus
Species: P. teneriffae
Binomial name
Plecotus teneriffae
Barret-Hamilton, 1907

The Canary big-eared bat (Plecotus teneriffae) is a species of vesper bat in the family Vespertilionidae.[2]

It is endemic to the Canary Islands. The species is primarily found in woodland habitat at elevations between 100 and 2300 m.[1] It feeds mainly on moths. Roosting sites include caves, lava tubes and abandoned buildings. It is threatened by habitat loss due to deforestation, use of pesticides near forest habitat, and loss of roosting sites due to building renovation.[1] The remaining population is estimated to number between 500 and 2000.[1] Only two breeding colonies, one each on La Palma (in the Cuevas de los Murciélagos)[3] and Tenerife, are known; the larger La Palma colony is estimated to have declined by 80% in recent years.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Aulagnier, S., Juste, J., Palmeirim, J. & Alcaldé, J.T. (2008). "Plecotus teneriffae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 August 2012. 
  2. ^ Simmons, N. B. (2005). "Order Chiroptera". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 483. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  3. ^ Domingo Trujillo: Plecotus teneriffae Orejudo canario, 2004:p 258-261