Greater Asiatic yellow bat

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Greater Asiatic yellow bat
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Vespertilionidae
Genus: Scotophilus
Species: S. heathii
Binomial name
Scotophilus heathii
(Horsfield, 1831)

The greater Asiatic yellow bat (Scotophilus heathii) is a species of vesper bat.[2] It is found in Afghanistan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam.

Like many bats, females have delayed ovulation, with the ability to store sperm. This makes them particularly of interest to biologists.[citation needed] Studies have shown that seasonal changes in hormones allow them to deposit fat before the onset of winter.[3]

It is named after Josiah Marshall Heath, who presented the type specimen to the Zoological Society of London.[4]

Description[edit]

Head and body length is 8-9cm. Forearms 6-7cm. Wingspan 40cm. Weight 48-52g.

Adults are yellowish bronze brown above and bright yellow to reddish below. Wing membrane is blackish brown. Short and dense fur except on neck. Muzzle is blunt, naked, and dark. Tragus is crescent-shaped and separated from the posterior margin of the pinna by a conspicuous notch. Long tailed. Young are dark grayish brown.

Culture[edit]

Known as මහ කහ වවුලා (meaning "greater yellow bat") in Sinhala.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Bates, P., Csorba, G., Molur, S. & Srinivasulu, C. (2008). "Scotophilus heathii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2014-01-24. 
  2. ^ Simmons, N. B. (2005). "Order Chiroptera". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 466. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  3. ^ Srivastava, R. K.; Krishna, A. (2008-01-17). "Seasonal adiposity, correlative changes in metabolic factors and unique reproductive activity in a vespertilionid bat, Scotophilus heathi". Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A: Ecological Genetics and Physiology 309A (2): 94–110. doi:10.1002/jez.440. PMID 18203145.  edit
  4. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2009). The Eponym Dictionary of Mammals. Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 182. ISBN 978-0-8018-9304-9. 

References[edit]