Cannone da 90/53

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Cannone da 90/53
El Alamein10.jpg
Cannone da 90/53
Type Anti-aircraft gun
Place of origin Italy
Service history
Used by Italy, Germany
Wars World War II
Production history
Designer Ansaldo
Designed 1939
Manufacturer Ansaldo
Produced 1 June 1939 - 31 July 1943
Number built 539
Specifications (Cannone da 90/53)
Weight 8,950 kg (19,730 lb)
Length 5.039 m (16 ft 6.4 in)
Barrel length 4.736 m (15 ft 6.5 in) L/53
Crew 6

Caliber 90 mm (3.54 in)
Elevation -2° to +85°
Traverse 360°
Rate of fire 19 rounds per minute
Muzzle velocity 850 m/s (2,789 ft/s)
Maximum firing range 17,400 m (57,100 ft), 12,000 m (39,000 ft) max ceiling

The Cannone da 90/53 was an Italian-designed cannon used both in an anti-aircraft role and as an anti-tank gun during World War II. It was one of the most successful anti-aircraft guns to see service during the conflict.

The designation "90/53" meant that the gun had a 90 mm caliber and a barrel 53 caliber-lengths long.

History[edit]

Cannone da 90/53 on Lancia truck abandoned by Rommel's army in February 1943

The Cannone da 90/53 was designed by Ansaldo, the first examples being produced in 1939. The original plan was for the gun to be manufactured in three variants:

  • The Modello 41P was for static emplacement; 1087 were ordered.
  • The Modello 41C was to be towed; 660 were ordered.
  • 57 were ordered to be mounted on heavy trucks designated autocannoni da 90/53.

Italian industry was not up to producing these quantities and by the end of production in July 1943 only 539 guns had been delivered, including 48 converted for use on the Semovente 90/53 heavy tank destroyer.

After Italy surrendered, guns captured by Germany forces were designated 9-cm Flak 41(i) or 9-cm Flak 309/1(i). Some of these guns were used for the air defence of Germany, while others were kept in Italy.

Characteristics[edit]

  • Calibre: 90 mm (3.54 in)
  • Barrel length: 4.736m (15 ft 6.5 in)
  • Travelling weight: 8950 kg (19,731 lbs)
  • Weight in action: 6240 kg (13,757 lbs)
  • Elevation: -2° to +85°
  • Traverse: 360°
  • Muzzle velocity: 830 m/s (2,723 ft/s)
  • Maximum ceiling: 12,000 m (39,370 ft)
  • Shell weight: 10.33 kg (22.77 lbs)
  • Rate of fire: 19 RPM

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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