Cannone da 149/35 A

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Cannone da 149/35 A
Geschuetz Redipuglia 01.jpg
A cannone da 149/35 A in Redipuglia
Type Heavy gun
Place of origin  Kingdom of Italy
Service history
In service 1900-1945
Used by  Kingdom of Italy
Wars World War I, World War II
Specifications
Weight 8,220 kilograms (18,120 lb)
Barrel length 5.722 metres (18.77 ft) L/38.7

Shell 45.96 kilograms (101.3 lb)
Caliber 149.1 mm (5.87 in)
Recoil none
Carriage box trail
Elevation -10° to +35°
Traverse
Rate of fire 1 rpm
Muzzle velocity 651 m/s (2,136 ft/s)
Maximum firing range 16,500 metres (18,000 yd)

The Cannone da 149/35 A was a heavy gun which served with Italy during World War I and World War II. It was already an old-fashioned weapon when introduced around 1900. It lacked a recoil system of any kind and could not traverse. The gun recoiled up two ramps placed behind the wheels and had to be re-laid after every shot. Wheel plates were added to absorb more recoil energy and to help the gun cross soft ground. Despite these serious drawbacks it seems to have been produced in large numbers as some 895 were in Italian service on June 1940. Weapons captured by the Germans after the Italian surrender in 1943 seem to have been scrapped or ignored as there is no record of them in German service.

The 149/35 was intended to replace the older 149/23[1] which had been introduced in the Italian army in 1882.[2][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.italie1935-45.com/component/k2/item/216-canon-de-149-35
  2. ^ Luca Girotto (2002). 1866-1918: Soldati e fortezze tra Asiago ed il Grappa. Rossato. p. 63. ISBN 978-88-8130-080-8. 
  3. ^ http://www.fortchampillon.ch/239301/262301.html
  • Chamberlain, Peter & Gander, Terry. Heavy Artillery. New York: Arco, 1975 ISBN 0-668-03898-5

External links[edit]

Upper view in Belgrade museum
Side view of a 15 GRC Ret (later known as Cannone da 149G and it:149/23), dating back to 1882