4 March 1916|
King William's Town, South Africa
|Died||7 September 1978
|Occupation||Classical viola player|
Cecil Aronowitz (4 March 1916 – 7 September 1978) was a British viola player, a founding member of the Melos Ensemble, a leading chamber musician and an influential teacher at the Royal College of Music and the Royal Northern College of Music.
Aronowitz was born in 1916 in King William's Town, South Africa. In 1933 he began studying the violin in Durban with Stirling Robbins. After two years he came to England on an overseas scholarship to study at the Royal College of Music in London. In 1939 the war interrupted his studies and he spent the next six years in the army. When he returned to England he switched to the viola.
The Amadeus Quartet asked him regularly to play second viola in the string quintet and string sextet repertoire. In spring 1949 he was with the violas of the London Philharmonic Orchestra. In 1950 he co-founded the Melos Ensemble. He was the violist of the group for decades, and Terence Weil was the cellist. Bassoonist William Waterhouse wrote in 1995: "It was the remarkable rapport between this pair of lower strings, which remained constant throughout a succession of distinguished leaders, that gave a special distinction to this outstanding ensemble." He played and recorded with the Pro Arte Piano Quartet, with Kenneth Sillito (violin), Terence Weil and Lamar Crowson (piano). He played regularly with the London Mozart Players and was principal violist with the Goldsbrough Orchestra (later to become the English Chamber Orchestra). He also appeared at the Aldeburgh Festival every year from 1949 until his death, as a soloist, chamber musician, and leader of the violas in the English Opera Group.
Benjamin Britten wrote many viola parts with Cecil Aronowitz in mind, particularly in his chamber operas and church operas. The chamber music in his War Requiem was written for the Melos Ensemble and conducted by the composer in the first performance in Coventry in 1962 and the first recording in 1963. Cecil Aronowitz also participated in the premiere and first recording of Britten's Curlew River in 1964. In 1976 Britten wrote for him a version of his Lachrymae (written for William Primrose in 1950, originally for viola and piano) for viola and string orchestra.
In 1951 he premiered the Suite for Viola and Cello by Arthur Butterworth with Terence Weil. Alun Hoddinott wrote a Viola Concertino for him in 1958. Variations for Viola and Piano (1958), the Op. 1 of Hugh Wood, was premiered by Margaret Kitchin and Cecil Aronowitz on 7 July 1959 at a concert in the Wigmore Hall given by the Society for the Promotion of New Music. In the 1960s, he played in the Cremona Quartet with leader Hugh Maguire, Iona Brown, and Terence Weil. At the 1976 Aldeburgh Festival he and his wife Nicola Grunberg gave the first public performance outside Russia of Shostakovich's last work, the Sonata for Viola and Piano, Op. 147, in the presence of Britten and Shostakovich's widow.
He taught viola and chamber music at the Royal College of Music for 25 years, then in 1973 became the first Head of Strings at the newly formed Royal Northern College of Music in Manchester. The RNCM has regularly awarded a Cecil Aronowitz Prize for viola.
- Entries to Cecil Aronowitz in the Library of Congress
- Biography and entries to Cecil Aronowitz in allmusic
- Entries to Cecil Aronowitz in WorldCat
His long discography includes many notable recordings with the Melos Ensemble. Their recordings of chamber music for both woodwinds and strings were reissued in 2011, including the works for larger ensembles which were the reason to found the ensemble, such as Beethoven's Septet and Octet, Schubert's Octet and Ravel's Introduction and Allegro, played with Osian Ellis (harp), Richard Adeney (flute), Gervase de Pexer (clarinet), Emanuel Hurwitz and Ivor McMahon (violin), and Terence Weil (cello).
- Mátyás Seiber: Elegy for viola and orchestra, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Mátyás Seiber (1960)
- Benjamin Britten: War Requiem (1963)
- Benjamin Britten: Curlew River (1965)
- Johannes Brahms: String Quintets, String Sextet No. 1, String Sextet No. 1, Amadeus Quartet, William Pleeth (1966-1968)
- Gustav Holst: Lyric Movement for Viola and Small Orchestra, English Chamber Orchestra, Imogen Holst (1967)
- W.A. Mozart: String Quintets, Amadeus Quartet (1967-1974)
- Paul Hindemith: Trauermusik for viola and strings, English Chamber Orchestra, Daniel Barenboim (1968)
- Hector Berlioz: Harold en Italie, with the York Symphony Orchestra
- Ralph Vaughan Williams: Flos Campi, with the Jacques Orchestra and the Choir of King's College, Cambridge, David Willcocks (1970)
- Richard Strauss: Prelude to Capriccio, Amadeus Quartet, William Pleeth (1971)
- Johannes Brahms: Two Songs, Op. 91, Janet Baker, André Previn (piano)
- Biography detailed personal memories of Nicola Grunberg © 2004
- Concert Programmes, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Central Hall, East Ham, Eduard van Beinum's conductorship, January to May 1949. His name does not appear in subsequent listings.
- Melos Ensemble
- Obituary Terence Weil The Independent, William Waterhouse, 9 March 1995
- War Requiem
- Curlew River
- Classical Archives quote (All Music Guide): In the last year of his life Britten ... kept a promise made to Cecil Aronowitz ... and wrote a version of Lachrymae with an ... arrangement for string orchestra.
- Works by Butterworth
- Hoddinott review
- Obituary Iona Brown The Guardian, Anne Inglis, 10 June 2004
- Royal Northern College of Music quote: In June 07 she won the RNCM's Cecil Aronowitz Prize for viola.
- Melos Ensemble – Music among Friends EMI
- Recordings New York Viola Society
- Recording War Requiem
- Brahms String Quintets & String Sextets
- Holst review Colin Clark, 2004
- Mozart String Quintets
- Biography Eugene Chadbourne
- Strauss review Christopher Fifield, 2001
- Brahms review Christopher Howell, 2002
- Website "dedicated to the life, artistry and career of the distinguished and much admired viola player Cecil Aronowitz"