Cerbonius

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Saint Cerbonius
Massa Marittima Cerbonius.JPG
Saint Cerbonius and the wild beasts, Massa Marittima Cathedral
Born c. 493 AD
North Africa
Died 575 AD
Elba
Honored in
Roman Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church
Feast October 10
Attributes geese; bear licking his feet[1]
Patronage Massa Marittima

Saint Cerbonius (Cerbo, Italian: San Cerbone, San Cerbonio) (d. 575 AD) was a bishop of Populonia during the Barbarian invasions. Saint Gregory the Great praises him in Book XI of his Dialogues.[2]

Traditions and legends[edit]

An alternate tradition made him a bishop of Massa Marittima around 544 AD, and devotion to the saint in this city arose after Massa Marittima became an episcopal center.[2]

Another tradition states that Cerbonius was a native of North Africa who was the son of Christian parents. He was ordained a priest by Saint Regulus (San Regolo), though not the same one as in the Scottish Legend. Due to persecution by the Arian Vandals in North Africa, the local Christian community dispersed, and together with Regulus, Felix, and some priests, Cerbonius escaped to Italy.[3] After a storm at sea, they landed at Tuscany, where they lived as hermits. During the war raging currently in Italy between Byzantine and Gothic forces, Regulus was imprisoned and decapitated by the Goths after being accused of aiding the Byzantines.[2]

After the death of the bishop of Populonia, Florentius (Fiorenzo), the citizens and clerics asked that Cerbonius serve as their bishop. The citizens soon became frustrated with him, however, since Cerbonius rose every Sunday at daybreak and said mass instead of doing so at the normal hour. The people complained to Pope Vigilius. Vigilius, on hearing what the saint had done, became angry and sent legates to Piombino to bring the bishop to Rome. They found Cerbonius eating breakfast and accused him of heresy, believing that he was eating before performing mass, when in fact he had already performed the service.

They brought him back to Rome. During the way, he cured three men suffering from fever and tamed some wild geese by making the sign of the cross over them, which explains this particular attribute. The geese accompanied him to St. Peter's and flew off after Cerbonius made the sign of the cross over them again.[2]

At Rome, the next morning at daybreak, Cerbonius went into the Pope's chamber and roused him out of bed. He then asked the Pope if he did not hear angels singing; Vigilius replied that he did hear something of the kind. Cerbonius went off to say mass and Vigilius gave him leave to say his mass at any hour of the morning that pleased him, and sent him back to Piombino.[4]

Cerbonius and Totila[edit]

For hiding several Roman soldiers, he was ordered to be killed by a wild bear by Totila, king of the Ostrogoths, during Totila's invasion of Tuscany. However, the bear remained petrified before Cerbonius. It stood on two legs and opened its jaws wide. Then, it fell back on its paws and licked the feet of the saint. Totila exiled Cerbonius instead, to the island of Elba.[3]

Around 575 AD, now old and sick, Cerbonius begged to be buried in Populonia. He asked, however, that those burying him should return immediately to Elba. His friends obeyed him. The ship carrying his body ran into a heavy storm, but arrived safely at Populonia. Cerbonius was buried and his followers returned quickly to Elba. Soon after, the Lombards seized Populonia; Cerbonius had foreseen this and had saved his friends. In the 9th century, Populonia was attacked by pirates. In 835, the bishop of Populonia escaped with his followers to the present site of Massa Marittima.

Veneration[edit]

Saint Cerbonius chapel at Baratti

At Baratti, there is a fountain and chapel dedicated to Saint Cerbonius. A local proverb states: Chi non beve a San Cerbone - è un ladro o un birbone ("Whoever does not drink from the fountain of Saint Cerbonius – is a thief or a rascal.").[3]

The 13th century cathedral at Massa Marittima contains a Romanesque font (1267 with a cover of 1447) and a Gothic reliquary (1324) of Saint Cerbonius, to whom the cathedral is dedicated.

There is another Saint Cerbonius who is venerated at Verona.[1]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/1010.shtml
  2. ^ a b c d San Cerbone, il santo patrono di Massa Marittima
  3. ^ a b c San Cerbonio (Cerbone) di Populonia
  4. ^ Sabine Baring Gould, The Lives of the Saints. 12 Vols. (Oxford: Oxford University, 1877), 228-9. Digitized August 29, 2006).

External links[edit]