Chasmanthe

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Chasmanthe
Chasmanthe floribunda 3.jpg
C. floribunda
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Ixioideae
Tribe: Ixieae
Genus: Chasmanthe
N.E.Br.
Type species
Chasmanthe aethiopica
(L.) N.E. Brown

Chasmanthe is a genus of flowering plants in the iris family, first described in 1932. It is endemic to Cape Province in South Africa. It is widely grown as an ornamental and naturalized in various locations.[1]

In their native habitat the flowers are pollinated by sunbirds. The genus name is derived from the Greek words chasme, meaning "gaping", and anthos, meaning "flower".[2]

Species[1]
  1. Chasmanthe aethiopica (L.) N.E.Br. (Chasmanthe, Cobra Lily) - Cape Province; naturalized in Spain, Madeira, Canary Islands, Greek islands
  2. Chasmanthe bicolor (Gasp.) N.E.Br. - Cape Province; naturalized in California
  3. Chasmanthe floribunda (Salisb.) N.E.Br. (South African Cornflag, Pennants) - Cape Province; naturalized in California, Algeria, Australia, Argentina, St. Helena

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Manning, John; Goldblatt, Peter (2008). The Iris Family: Natural History & Classification. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press. pp. 178–81. ISBN 0-88192-897-6.