Chlodwig, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld

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Chlodwig
Landgrave of Hesse
Chlodwig, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld.jpg
Chlodwig in 1899
Spouse Princess Caroline of Solms-Hohensolms-Lich
Issue Prince Wilhelm of Hesse
Prince Ernst Ludwig of Hesse
Prince Alexander Friedrich of Hesse
Princess Viktoria Cäcilie of Hesse
House House of Hesse
Father Prince Wilhelm of Hesse
Mother Princess Juliane of Bentheim and Steinfurt
Born (1876-07-30)30 July 1876
Burgsteinfurt
Died 17 November 1954(1954-11-17) (aged 78)
Bad Hersfeld

Chlodwig, Landgrave of Hesse (Chlodwig Alexis Ernst; 30 July 1876 - 17 November 1954) was an officer in the Prussian Army and head of the Hesse-Philippsthal line of the House of Hesse.

As head of the house he was styled His Highness the Landgrave of Hesse.

Early life[edit]

Landgrave Chlodwig, the seventh of Prince Wilhelm of Hesse's ten children, was born at Burgsteinfurt. He was the only surviving son from his fathers second marriage with Princess Juliane of Bentheim and Steinfurt, his only surviving full sibling, Princess Bertha, was married to Leopold IV, Prince of Lippe.

Although the third son Landgrave Chlodwig became heir to the headship of the House of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld upon the death of his father in 1890 due to his elder half brothers Prince Friedrich Wilhelm and Prince Carl Wilhelm von Ardeck's exclusion from the succession on account of their parents morganatic marriage.[1]

Landgrave Chlodwig served in the Prussian Army reaching the rank Lieutenant Colonel.[1] On 26 May 1904 he married Princess Caroline of Solms-Hohensolms-Lich, the daughter of Prince Hermann, in her home town of Lich. The couple had five children:[1] Wilhelm (1905-1942) who married Princess Marianne of Prussia, Ernst Ludwig (1906-1934), Irene (1907-1980), Alexander Friedrich (1911-1939) and Viktoria Cäcilie (1914-1998).

Landgrave[edit]

On 16 August 1905, Chlodwig succeeded his uncle Landgrave Alexis as head of the House of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld, giving him a seat in the House of Lords of Prussia. On 22 December 1925 he inherited the assets and headship of the House of Hesse-Philippsthal following the death of Landgrave Ernst.[1]

In the early 1930s three of Landgrave Chlodwig's children (Wilhelm, Alexander Friedrich and Viktoria Cäcilie) joined the Nazi party. His third son Prince Alexander Friedrich, who suffered from epilepsy, was sterilised by the Nazis on 27 September 1938, he died a year later.[2] The landgrave's eldest son Prince Wilhelm, an SS-Hauptsturmführer,[3] was killed in action during World War II.

Landgrave Chlodwig died aged 78 in Bad Hersfeld, he was survived by his wife and daughters, his three sons having predeceased him. His grandson Wilhelm succeeded him as head of the House of Hesse-Philippsthal.

Honours[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Gothaischer Hofkalender Genealogisches Taschenbuch der Fürstlichen Häuser. Justus Perthes. 1929. p. 480. 
  2. ^ Petropoulos, Jonathan. Royals and the Reich: The Princes Von Hessen in Nazi Germany. pp. 250, 381, 382. 
  3. ^ Almanach de Gotha. Justus Perthes. 1942. p. 62. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Rangliste de königlich preussischen Armee. 1914. p. 39. 
Chlodwig, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld
Born: 30 July 1876 Died: 17 November 1954
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Alexis
— TITULAR —
Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld
16 August 1905 – 17 November 1954
Reason for succession failure:
Landgraviate annexed by Prussia in 1866
Succeeded by
Wilhelm
Preceded by
Ernst
— TITULAR —
Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal
22 December 1925 – 17 November 1954
Reason for succession failure:
Landgraviate annexed by Prussia in 1866