Christian, Duke of Saxe-Eisenberg

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Christian
Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
1653 Christian.jpg
Duke of Saxe-Eisenberg
Reign 1675–1707
Predecessor New Creation
Successor Disputed
Spouse Christiane of Saxe-Merseburg
Sophie Marie of Hesse-Darmstadt
Issue Christiane, Duchess of Holstein-Glücksburg
Father Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Altenburg
Mother Elisabeth Sophie of Saxe-Altenburg
Born (1653-01-06)6 January 1653
Gotha
Died 28 April 1707(1707-04-28) (aged 54)
Eisenberg

Christian of Saxe-Eisenberg (Gotha, 6 January 1653 – Eisenberg, 28 April 1707) was a duke of Saxe-Eisenberg.

He was the eighth, but fifth surviving, son of Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Altenburg and Elisabeth Sophie of Saxe-Altenburg.

Christian had far-traveled in his youth and was interested already early in History and Art. After the death of his father in 1675, he governed together with his brothers over Saxe-Gotha. He made Eisenberg as his residence, where in 1677 he built the Schloss Christiansburg. After the divisionary treaty of the duchy in 1680, Christian retained Eisenberg and the towns of Ronneburg, Roda and Camburg. During his last years he was very interested in the alquimie.

He died with considerable debts and, like his brothers Albrecht of Saxe-Coburg and Heinrich of Saxe-Römhild, without sons. His lands were disputed between his remaining brothers and their descendants in the "Coburg-Eisenberg-Römhild inheritance dispute", which tooke until 1735 to be resolved.

Issue[edit]

In Merseburg on 13 February 1677, Christian married firstly with Christiane of Saxe-Merseburg. They had only one daughter:

  1. Christiane (b. Eisenach, 4 March 1679 – d. Glücksburg, 24 May 1722), who was married on 15 February 1699 to Philip Ernst, Duke of Holstein-Glücksburg (1673–1729).

In Darmstadt, on 9 February 1681, Christian married secondly with Sophie Marie of Hesse-Darmstadt. They had no children.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  • August Beck, Christian, einziger Herzog von Sachsen-Eisenberg. In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). vol IV. Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1876, pp. 178–180.
  • Wolfgang Huschke (1957), "Christian, Herzog von Sachsen-Eisenberg", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German) (Berlin: Duncker & Humblo) 3: 232 
  • Wilfried Warsitzka: Herzog Christian von Sachsen und der Bau der Schlosskirche zu Eisenberg. Wartburg-Verlag, Jena 1992, ISBN 3-86160-065-X