Clarendon Laboratory

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The Clarendon Laboratory

The Clarendon Laboratory, located on Parks Road with the Science Area in Oxford, England (not to be confused with the Clarendon Building, also in Oxford), is part of the Physics Department at Oxford University. It houses the atomic and laser physics, condensed matter physics, and biophysics groups within the Department, although four other Oxford Physics groups are not based in the Clarendon Lab. The Oxford Centre for Quantum Computation is also housed in the laboratory.


The Clarendon is named after Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon, whose trustees paid £10,000 for the building of the original laboratory, completed in 1872, making it the oldest purpose-built physics laboratory in England. The building was designed by Robert Bellamy Clifton.

The brothers Fritz and Heinz London developed the London equations when working there in 1935.[1]

In 2007 the laboratory was granted chemical landmark status.[2] The award was bestowed due to the work carried out by Henry Gwyn Jeffreys Moseley in 1914.

Current Use[edit]

The original building, substantially enlarged, is now part of the Oxford Earth Sciences Department. The Oxford Electric Bell apparatus (also known as the Clarendon Dry Pile), constructed in 1840, is located in the foyer of the Clarendon Laboratory.


  1. ^ F. London and H. London (1935). "The Electromagnetic Equations of the Supraconductor". Proceedings of the Royal Society A 149 (866): 71–88. Bibcode:1935RSPSA.149...71L. doi:10.1098/rspa.1935.0048. JSTOR 96265. 
  2. ^ RSC. "Clarendon Laboratory, University of Oxford". RSC. Retrieved 29 September 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°45′36″N 1°15′23″W / 51.75997°N 1.2565°W / 51.75997; -1.2565