Claude Bowes-Lyon, 13th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne

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Claude Bowes-Lyon, 13th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne (21 July 1824 – 16 February 1904), styled The Honourable Claude Bowes-Lyon from 1847 to 1865, was a British peer. He was the 13th holder of the Earldom of Strathmore and Kinghorne.

He was born in Redbourn, Hertfordshire. He was the second surviving son of Thomas George Lyon-Bowes, Lord Glamis (son of the 11th Earl), and his wife Charlotte Grimstead. His paternal grandparents were Thomas Lyon-Bowes, 11th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, and his first wife Mary Elizabeth Louisa Rodney Carpenter. His maternal grandparents were Joseph Valentine Grimstead and Charlotte Jane Sarah Walsh. Born Claude Lyon-Bowes, he altered the family name to Bowes-Lyon.[1]

Bowes-Lyon also played cricket to a high level,[2] making four appearances in first-class cricket, appearing three times for the Marylebone Cricket Club from 1843–46, and once for the Gentlemen of England in 1846.[3]

Marriage and family[edit]

On 28 September 1853, Claude married Frances Dora Smith. They had 11 children:[4]

Name Birth Death Spouse(s) Issue
Claude Bowes-Lyon 14 March 1855 7 November 1944 Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck (1862–1938) Violet Bowes-Lyon (1882–1893)
Mary Bowes-Lyon (1883–1961)
Patrick Bowes-Lyon (1884–1949)
John Bowes-Lyon (1886–1930)
Alexander Bowes-Lyon (1887–1911)
Fergus Bowes-Lyon (1889–1915)
Rose Bowes-Lyon (1890–1967)
Michael Bowes-Lyon (1893–1953)
Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (Queen Elizabeth) (1900–2002)
David Bowes-Lyon (1902–1961)
Francis Bowes-Lyon 23 February 1856 18 February 1948 Anne Lindsay (1858–1936) Muriel Bowes-Lyon (1884–1968)
Charles Bowes-Lyon (1885–1914)
Capt. Geoffrey Bowes-Lyon (1886–1951)
Doris Bowes-Lyon (1887–1918)
Winnifred Bowes-Lyon (1889–1968)
Capt. Ronald Bowes-Lyon (1893–1960)
Lillian Bowes-Lyon (1895–1949)
Ernest Bowes-Lyon 4 August 1858 27 December 1891 Isobel Hester Drummond (1860–1945) Capt. Hubert Bowes-Lyon (1883–1959)
Susan Bowes-Lyon (1884–1885)
Dorothea Bowes-Lyon (1886–1886)
Joan Bowes-Lyon (1888–1954)
Marjorie Bowes-Lyon (1889–1981)
Ernestine Bowes-Lyon (1891–1981)
Herbert Bowes-Lyon 15 August 1860 14 April 1897 Not married No issue
Maj. Patrick Bowes-Lyon 5 March 1863 5 October 1946 Alice Wiltshire (d 1953) Lt. Gavin Bowes-Lyon (1895–1917)
Angus Bowes-Lyon (1899–1923)
Jean Bowes-Lyon (1904–1963)
Margaret Bowes-Lyon (1907–1999)
Lady Constance Bowes-Lyon 1865 19 November 1951 Robert Francis Leslie Blackburn (d 1944) Claudia Blackburn (1908–2001)
Phyllis Blackburn
Kenneth Bowes-Lyon 26 April 1867 9 January 1911 Not married No issue
Mildred Marion Bowes-Lyon 1868 9 June 1897 Augustus Edward Jessup No issue
Maud Agness Bowes-Lyon 1870 28 February 1941 Not married No issue
Evelyn Mary Bowes-Lyon 1872 15 March 1876 Not married Died young
Maj. Malcolm Bowes-Lyon 23 April 1874 23 August 1957 Winifred Gurdon-Rebow (23 April 1874 – 23 August 1957) Clodagh Pamela Bowes-Lyon (15 July 1908 – 10 May 2003)

Their eldest, Claude Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, was the father of Queen Elizabeth, Queen consort of King George VI and through her, maternal grandfather of Queen Elizabeth II; and Patrick Bowes-Lyon (5 March 1863 – 5 October 1946), a Major of the British Army.

In 1865 he succeeded his elder brother Thomas. In 1887 he was created Baron Bowes, of Streatlam Castle and Lunedale, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. He was a Scottish representative peer from 1870 until 1892, and Lord Lieutenant of Angus from 1874 until his death.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Dalhousie
Lord Lieutenant of Angus
1874–1904
Succeeded by
The Earl of Strathmore and Kinghrone
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Bowes
1887–1904
Succeeded by
Claude George Bowes-Lyon
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Thomas George Lyon-Bowes
Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne
1865–1904
Succeeded by
Claude George Bowes-Lyon