Ashtead

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This article is about the village in Surrey. For the equipment rental company, see Ashtead Group. For the area of Birmingham, see Ashted.
Ashtead
Ashtead Park House - geograph.org.uk - 430368.jpg
Ashtead Park House, since 1920s a school
Barnett Wood Lane, Ashtead - geograph.org.uk - 323378.jpg
Barnett Wood Lane with pond to the right
Ashtead is located in Surrey
Ashtead
Ashtead
 Ashtead shown within Surrey
Area  11.59 km2 (4.47 sq mi)
Population 14,169 (2011 census)[1]
   – density  1,223/km2 (3,170/sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ1858
Civil parish n/a
District Mole Valley
Shire county Surrey
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Ashtead
Postcode district KT21
Dialling code 01372
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Epsom and Ewell
List of places
UK
England
Surrey

Coordinates: 51°18′36″N 0°17′56″W / 51.310°N 0.299°W / 51.310; -0.299

Ashtead /ˈæʃstɛd/ is a village in the Metropolitan Green Belt of Surrey, England and has a railway station on secondary routes to Horsham and Guildford, formerly the Portsmouth Main Line. It is separated from Leatherhead by the M25, and from Epsom by Ashtead Common and Langley Vale. Its district council is Mole Valley. Ashtead is on western slopes of the Mole Gap of the North Downs and is on the A24 where it is a single carriageway as is generally the case within the M25 motorway. Ashtead has a large two-part conservation area including the mansion Ashtead House used by City of London Freemen's School, and six other schools. Amenities include parks, outlying woodland trails and a high street with convenience shopping, cafés and restaurants, a football club and a cricket club.


History[edit]

There has been settlement in Ashtead since at least Roman times, with a Roman villa excavated in what is now Ashtead common.[2] Ashtead within a few hundred years of the foundations of Anglo-Saxon England lay within the Copthorne hundred.

Ashtead appears in the Domesday Book as Stede. It was held by the Canons of Bayeux from the Bishop of Bayeux. Its Domesday Assets were: 3 hides and 1 virgate; 16 ploughs, 4 acres (16,000 m2) of meadow, woodland worth 7 hogs. Its people rendered £12 in total to its feudal system overlords per year.[3] Its main source of water at the time seems to have been the Rye.

St Giles Church in Ashtead Park dates from the 12th century, and Ashtead is mentioned twice in Samuel Pepys' diaries. Part of his entry for 25 July 1663 reads:

Towards the evening we bade them adieu and took horse, being resolved that, instead of the race which fails us, we would go to Epsom When we come there we could hear of no lodging, the town so full, but which was better, I went towards Ashsted, and there we got a lodging in a little hole we could not stand upright in While supper was getting I walked up and down behind my cosen [cousin] Pepys's house that was, which I find comes little short of what I took it to be when I was a little boy.

Name variants[edit]

Even after the Victorian general harmonisation of spelling, accelerated by the mass distribution of the maps and the printed press, the name of the village has at times been spelt differently with its most lasting variants being "Ashsted" and "Ashstead".[citation needed] Until 1967, Ashtead railway station had "Ashtead" and "Ashstead" displayed on station name plates hanging on opposite platforms.[citation needed] The suffix '-stead' also written '-sted' is used to form the meaning behind and pronunciation of the place name, as in Sanderstead, Bearsted, Oxted and East Grinstead, and following the spelling of Oxted has settled on minimal instances of 's', it being deemed implicit in English place name pronunciation. However, while it may have been implicit in 1967, as with Cheshunt and Wrotham it is an example of a London satellite area with slightly counterintuitive pronunciation. 'Stede' is the earliest spelling, without any first syllable, from the 11th century, see the Domesday Book above.[4]

The village[edit]

Elevations and Watercourses[edit]

Elevations range from the south west crest of the village at 100m AOD (above mean sea level) to 45m AOD at the Leatherhead border outflow of The Rye that rises at a pond at Little Park Farm, Farm Lane, Ashtead. The Rye forms Ashtead's eastern border then turns west, so forms a half-square around the village.

Localities[edit]

The Street, the main thoroughfare

Marked on Ordnance Survey maps are three of the four named neighbourhoods of Ashtead: Lower Ashtead, rural Ashtead Common and Ashtead Park. At its centre is the most historic part architecturally with many listed buildings, along Rectory Lane and the slightly bendy thoroughfare, The Street.[5]

The fourth area is Ashtead Village[6] which is contiguous with the rest but at its heart. This is the oldest part of Ashtead and has the main shopping and social area of the village, with two pubs and the Ashtead Village Club which is a C&IU affiliate. It has a small southern conservation area, however outside of this has eight listed brick buildings, each more than two centuries old, including the Old Rectory which has been subdivided (built 1777)[7] and so too has Ashtead Lodge (built 1765 - divided into five)[8] Forge Cottage with Wisteria Cottage here are dated to approximately the 17th century and are also Grade II listed.[9]

The area north of the railway line is Ashtead Common, managed by the City of London Corporation subject to a long-standing preservation order, and is a national nature reserve.

Lower Ashtead is a relatively flat area leading to Ashtead Common that has a recreation ground, a youth club and skate park, a pub, and a number of shops all built near the preserved large square of wood in front of the railway station.

Upper Pond, Ashtead Park
Ashtead Park

Ashtead Park has more of the same conservation area at its edge near the Rye in particular: Ashtead House[10] and Headmasters House[11] here are architecturally imposing hillside developments and the latter is part of the City of London Freemen's School - since 1924 its base. This uses as its hub the even more imposing Ashtead Park House in its listed parkland which reaches to Headmasters House.[12] Its leading architect Sir Thomas Wyatt commissioned its grand façade designs from Joseph Bonomi, for its 1790 owner Richard Bagoti; it was enlarged and altered in or after 1880 by Sir Thomas Lucas again at major expense. Accordingly it is listed in the highest architectural category for the whole village, Grade II*.[12]

The Park itself has remains of a Roman buildings, four lakes/ponds and the school's playing fields and is listed by English Heritage.[13] It is also a Local Nature Reserve.[14][15]

Churches[edit]

Business[edit]

Ashtead Pottery was produced in the village from 1923 until the company ceased trading in 1935.

The construction company Longcross has its head office in Ashtead.[16]

Activities[edit]

The Ashtead Residents' Association founded in 1945 aims to represent the views of all who live in Ashtead through a network of 142 Road Stewards and regular meetings.

Ashtead Players have a long and successful history with a distinguished artistic record equalled by few dramatic societies.[citation needed] Established for over 50 years, with two distinct elements:

  1. Adult Ashtead Players, presenting a range of popular theatrical productions.
  2. Young Ashtead Players (12–18 years), offering a real performance experience for younger members.

1st Ashtead Scout Group was incorporated on 21 June 1920 and is still offering adventurous and educational programmes to young people between the ages of 6 and 18. It has its own headquarters in Lower Ashtead near Ashtead Common. The group has over 250 members including young people, adult leaders and supporters.

The Ashtead Psalms were commissioned by Ashtead Choral Society to mark their fiftieth anniversary in the year 2000 from composer Robert Steadman.

In 1887 Ashtead Cricket Club was founded and since then they have progressed into the Premier league of the Surrey Championship.

The Old Freemen's Cricket Club also play cricket in Ashtead, with home fixtures split between the fabulous grounds of the City of London Freemen's School in Ashtead Park and at Headley Cricket Club http://www.oldfreemenscricket.co.uk to work around term time use by the School.

Ashtead Football Club's ground is at The Recreation Ground along the high street, next to Ashtead Youth Centre.[17]

In terms of Rugby Union, rugby has been played in Ashtead Park since 1930 as the home of the Old Freemen's RFC http://www.pitchero.com/clubs/oldfreemens/ former pupils of the City of London Freemen's School make up a large percentage of the player base, but parents, staff and guests are welcome - OFRFC have won numerous cups and division titles over the last 30 years and play in the Surrey league and conference. They train on a Tuesday night from 7:30pm in Ashtead Park and also run a touch rugby session open to all on Thursdays at 7:30pm. In addition there are six other clubs that are between five and ten miles away, the senior level local ones being Esher RFC and Dorking RFC.

Hockey - The Old Freemen's Ladies play on the astro-turf in Ashtead Park every Saturday, with training in Clapham. http://www.ofhc.co.uk/

Ashtead Golf Club (now defunct) first appeared in the late 1890s. The club had ceased to exist by 1904/5.[18]

Footpaths and Cycle Routes

A footpath from the centre of the village leads to a hilltop intersection of paths along Pebble Lane/Stane Street south of the village. From here accessible from two routes south is the North Downs Way that spans the Mole Gap to Reigate Escarpment SSSI and Box Hill to the south of the village, which can also be accessed via Leatherhead and part of the Mole Gap Trail - which in turn provides cycle and access by foot to a scenic north-south route from Leatherhead to Dorking and beyond. A new Cycleway has been built alongside the A24 between Ashtead and Leatherhead.

Schools[edit]

Ashtead's schools include:

Transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

Ashtead has a small modern railway station with direct services to London Waterloo, London Victoria, London Bridge, Horsham, Dorking and Guildford lines. It is served by both Southern and South West Trains services. Construction of a new station building began in November 2012 and the new station building has now opened to business. A number of other jobs are still required to be finished to complete the project. In total £2m will have been spent on upgrading the station. This is now the third station building that Ashtead Station has had since the railways arrived.

Road[edit]

The London to Worthing road, the A24, runs through the village.

Demography and housing[edit]

2011 Census Homes
Ward Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes/houseboats Shared between households[1]
Ashtead Common 554 744 70 248 1 0
Ashtead Park 1,045 314 82 210 1 2
Ashtead Village 1,080 754 217 309 4 4

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.

2011 Census Households
Ward Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[1]
Ashtead Common 4,129 1,617 41 44 441
Ashtead Park 4,042 1,654 48 34 520
Ashtead Village 5,998 2,368 46 36 198

The proportion of households who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).

Emergency services[edit]

Ashtead is served by these emergency services:

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 20 December 2013
  2. ^ "Ashtead Common cultural heritage". City of London. Retrieved 2010-09-27. 
  3. ^ Surrey Domesday Book
  4. ^ H.E. Malden (editor) (1911). "Parishes: Ashtead". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 28 December 2013. 
  5. ^ OS Map with Listed Buildings and Parks marked
  6. ^ Ashtead Conservation Area Mole Valley
  7. ^ Old Rectory - Grade II - English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1028655)". National Heritage List for England. 
  8. ^ Ashtead Lodge - Grade II - English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1028653)". National Heritage List for England. 
  9. ^ Forge Cottage / Wisteria Cottage - Grade II - English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1028658)". National Heritage List for England. 
  10. ^ Ashtead House- Grade II- English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1028691)". National Heritage List for England. 
  11. ^ Headmasters House - Grade II - English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1294785)". National Heritage List for England. 
  12. ^ a b Ashtead Park House - Grade II*- English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1028682)". National Heritage List for England. 
  13. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1001490)". National Heritage List for England. 
  14. ^ "Ashtead Park". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. Retrieved 4 August 2013. 
  15. ^ "Map of Ashtead Park". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. Retrieved 4 August 2013. 
  16. ^ "Contact Us". Longcross. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  17. ^ Ashtead F.C. Retrieved 2013-12-28
  18. ^ “Ashtead Golf Club”, “Golf’s Missing Links”.
  19. ^ "Barnett Wood Infant School". Retrieved 2008-04-24. 
  20. ^ "The Greville School". Archived from the original on 9 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-24. 
  21. ^ "West Ashtead Primary School". Retrieved 2008-04-24. 
  22. ^ "Downsend School". Retrieved 2009-09-25. 
  23. ^ The Six Visits of Mr. Pepys
  24. ^ Dean, Misao (2005). "Duncan, Sara, Jeannette (Cotes)". Dictionary of Canadian Biography 15. University of Toronto/Université Laval. Retrieved 2014-08-06. 

External links[edit]