(Schaeff.) Fayod (1889)
Most have a long, thin fragile stipe and are delicate, growing in grasslands on dead moss, dead grass, sand dunes, decayed wood, and dung. Conocybe species generally prefer fertile soils in lawns and pastures and are found worldwide. Conocybes are sometimes called dunce caps or cone heads due to their conical or bell-shaped caps. Species of Conocybe that have a well-developed partial veil are placed in the subgenus Pholiotina.  Similar to Galerina, a Conocybe species can be distinguished microscopically by its cellular cap cuticle, which is filamentous (thread-like) in Galerina. It is easy to confuse Conocybe species for Galerina unless the microscopic nature of the cap cuticle is examined. Conocybes have cap cuticles resembling cobblestones. Conocybes can also be mistaken for species of Bolbitius.
Four species of Conocybe that are known to contain the hallucinogenic compounds psilocin and psilocybin are C. kuehneriana, C. siligineoides, C. cyanopus, and C. smithii. Conocybe siligineoide was used for shamanic purposes by the Mazatecs of Oaxaca.
Conocybe comes from the Greek cono meaning cone and cybe meaning head.
- Conocybe apala (very common)
- Conocybe cyanopus (psychoactive)
- Conocybe elegans
- Conocybe filaris (deadly)
- Conocybe kuehneriana (psychoactive)
- Conocybe reticulata
- Conocybe rickenii
- Conocybe siligineoides (psychoactive)
- Conocybe smithii (psychoactive)
- Conocybe tenera (type species)
- Conocybe volviradicata
- "Synonymy: Conocybe Fayod". Species Fungorum. CAB International. Retrieved 2014-07-04.
- Rolf Singer
- Guzmán G, Allen JW, Gartz J. (1998). "A worldwide geographical distribution of the neurotropic fungi, an analysis and discussion" (PDF). Annali del Museo civico di Rovereto 14: 198–280.
- Heim R, Wasson RG. (1958). Les champignons hallucinogènes du Mexique: études ethnologiques, taxinomiques, biologiques, physiologiques et chimiques (in French). Paris, France: Muséum national d'histoire naturelle.
- Watling R, Işiloğlu M, Sermenli HB. (2010). "Observations on the Bolbitiaceae 31. Conocybe volviradicata sp. nov.". Mycotaxon 114: 145–9. doi:10.5248/114.145.
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