Conspiracy to murder

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Main article: Conspiracy (crime)

Conspiracy to murder is a statutory offence in England and Wales and Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.

England and Wales[edit]

Conspiracy to murder is an offence by virtue of section 1(1) of the Criminal Law Act 1977.

Mens rea

Although an intention to cause grievous bodily harm is sufficient for murder, it is not sufficient for conspiracy to murder.[1]

Jurisdiction

Section 1(4) of the Criminal Law Act 1977 formerly provided that it was immaterial that the murder in question would not be triable in England and Wales if committed in accordance with the intention of the parties to the agreement. This reproduced the effect of section 4 of the Offences against the Person Act 1861.

See now section 1A of the Criminal Law Act 1977.

Sentence

A person guilty of conspiracy to murder is liable to imprisonment for life or for any shorter term.[2]

As to the maximum sentence in a case where the agreement was entered into before Part I of the Criminal Law Act 1977 came into force, see section 5(5) of that Act.

See the Crown Prosecution Service sentencing manual.

The following cases are relevant:

Northern Ireland[edit]

Conspiracy to murder is an offence by virtue of article 9(1) of the Criminal Attempts and Conspiracy (Northern Ireland) Order 1983 (S.I. 1983/1120 (N.I. 13)).

Jurisdiction

See, formerly, article 9(4) of that Order.

Sentence

See article 11(2)(a).

Republic of Ireland[edit]

The offence of conspiracy to murder is created by section 4 of the Offences against the Person Act 1861.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ R v Siracusa, 90 Cr App R 340 at 350, [1989] Crim LR 712, CA
  2. ^ The Criminal Law Act 1977, section 3(2)(a)
  3. ^ The Irish Statute Book says that has been neither repealed nor otherwise amended.