Convention on Nuclear Safety

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Convention on Nuclear Safety
Drafted 17 June 1994
Signed 20 September 1994
Location Vienna, Austria
Effective 24 October 1996
Condition 22 ratifications
Signatories 55
Parties 77
Depositary Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency
Languages Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish

The Convention on Nuclear Safety is a 1994 International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) treaty that governs safety rules at nuclear power plants in state parties to the Convention.

The Convention creates obligations on state parties to implement certain safety rules and standards at all civil facilities related to nuclear energy. These include issues of site selection; design and construction; operation and safety verification; and emergency preparedness.

The Convention was adopted in Vienna, Austria, at an IAEA diplomatic conference on 17 June 1994. It was opened for signature on 20 September 1994 and was ultimately signed by 55 states; it entered into force on 24 October 1996 after it had been ratified by 22 signatories. As of February 2014, there are 77 state parties to the Convention plus the European Atomic Energy Community. The states that have signed the treaty but have not yet ratified it are Algeria, Cuba, Egypt, Israel, Monaco, Morocco, Nicaragua, Philippines, Sudan, and Syria.

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