Convention on Nuclear Safety
|Drafted||17 June 1994|
|Signed||20 September 1994|
|Effective||24 October 1996|
|Depositary||Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency|
|Languages||Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish|
The Convention creates obligations on state parties to implement certain safety rules and standards at all civil facilities related to nuclear energy. These include issues of site selection; design and construction; operation and safety verification; and emergency preparedness.
The Convention was adopted in Vienna, Austria, at an IAEA diplomatic conference on 17 June 1994. It was opened for signature on 20 September 1994 and was ultimately signed by 55 states; it entered into force on 24 October 1996 after it had been ratified by 22 signatories. As of February 2014, there are 77 state parties to the Convention plus the European Atomic Energy Community. The states that have signed the treaty but have not yet ratified it are Algeria, Cuba, Egypt, Israel, Monaco, Morocco, Nicaragua, Philippines, Sudan, and Syria.