Corwen

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Corwen
Corwen Workhouse 208.jpg
The former workhouse of the Corwen Poor Law Union in Heol Llundain (London Road)
Corwen is located in Denbighshire
Corwen
Corwen
 Corwen shown within Denbighshire
Population 2,398 (2001)
OS grid reference SJ075435
Principal area Denbighshire
Ceremonial county Clwyd
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CORWEN
Postcode district LL21
Dialling code 01490
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Clwyd South
Welsh Assembly Clwyd South
List of places
UK
Wales
Denbighshire

Coordinates: 52°58′48″N 3°22′44″W / 52.980°N 3.379°W / 52.980; -3.379

Corwen is a town and community in the county of Denbighshire in Wales; it was previously part of the county of Meirionnydd. Corwen stands on the banks of the River Dee beneath the Berwyn mountains. The town is situated 10 miles (16 km) west of Llangollen and 13 miles (21 km) south of Ruthin. At the 2001 Census, Corwen had a population of 2,398.[1]

History[edit]

Corwen, circa 1875

Corwen is best known for its connections with Owain Glyndŵr, who proclaimed himself Prince of Wales on 16 September 1400, from his nearby manor of Glyndyfrdwy, which began his fourteen-year rebellion against English rule.[2] A life-size bronze statue of the prince mounted on his battle horse was installed in The Square in 2007. It commemorates the day he was proclaimed the last true Prince of Wales in 1400.[3]

The town grew as a centre for cattle drovers. Attractions in Corwen include the motte of a Norman castle, the thirteenth century Church of St Mael and St Sulien and the Capel Rûg built in 1637 by William Salesbury.

Corwen Golf Club (now defunct) was founded in 1909. The club closed at the onset of WW2.[4]

Economy[edit]

Located in the hills of North Wales, the main economy of Corwen is based in and around farming. The town's main employer is local trailer manufacturer Ifor Williams Trailers, started by a farmer looking to transport sheep to the local market.

Transport[edit]

In the 1860s Corwen was linked to the national rail network in 1864 by a line from Ruthin along the Vale of Clwyd and in 1865 with a Great Western Railway branch line along the Dee valley from Ruabon. The station was a vital development in the town's importance as the centre of the local Agriculture industry. Unfortunately neither survived the Beeching Axe in the 1960s. Plans are advanced to link Corwen to the private Llangollen Railway which currently terminates in the nearby village of Carrog. The permanent way has already been extended into Corwen, arriving in late spring 2014, but work is still required to construct the new Corwen railway station.

Bus services in Corwen are primarily provided by GHA Coaches with routes available to Wrexham via Llangollen on services 5 and X94, Barmouth via Bala and Dolgellau on service X94, and to Ruthin on service X5, with through services continuing to Denbigh. GHA also operate infrequent local services to Melin y Wig. Llew Jones operate a twice daily, weekday service to Llanrwst with one journey extended to/from Bala.

Corwen is the last sizeable town on the A5 road from London to Holyhead until Betws-y-Coed is reached. Because of this it still contains a number of hotels which were used in the past as coaching inns for the Mail coach and stagecoaches. Although the A5 is no longer the most important road to Holyhead, having been superseded by the coastal route of the A55, there is still significant traffic travelling through the town centre’s narrow main street.

Culture[edit]

Corwen hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1919. The Pavilion in the town has played an important part in Welsh culture throughout the 20th century. It has hosted several concerts and eisteddfodau. It was also the venue for the first concerts performed by Edward H. Dafis, the first Welsh-language rock band to receive significant press notice, in August 1973.

Novelist John Cowper Powys (1872-1963) lived in Corwen with his common-law wife Phyllis Playter from 1935 until 1955, when they moved to Blaenau Ffestiniog.[5] He wrote two major novels both set in this region of Wales, while living in Corwen, Owen Glendower (1940) and Porius (1951), amongst other works of both fiction and non-fiction. In 1940 he began a novel set in contemporary Corwen[6] but gave it up, to start his "Romance of Corwen", Porius, subtitled "a Romance of the Dark Ages", in January 1942, the action of which takes place in 499 A.D.[7]

Geography[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2001 Census: Corwen, Office for National Statistics, retrieved 20 June 2008 
  2. ^ "Glyndyfrdwy". Castlewales.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  3. ^ Corwen's new statue of Owain Glyndwr, Geograph, 13 September 2007, retrieved 28 December 2007 
  4. ^ “Corwen Golf Club”, “Golf’s Missing Links”.
  5. ^ Morine Krissdottir, Descent of Memory: The Life of John Cowper Powys. New York & London: Overlook, 2007.
  6. ^ Descent of Memory, p.350.
  7. ^ Descent of Memory, p.351.