Corydalis

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Not to be confused with Corydalus.
Corydalis
Corydalis solida - Bois d'Havré (1).jpg
Corydalis solida (type species)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Papaveraceae
Subfamily: Fumarioideae
Tribe: Fumarieae
Subtribe: Corydalinae
Genus: Corydalis
Species

See text.

Corydalis (Greek korydalís "crested lark") is a genus of about 470 species of annual and perennial herbaceous plants in the Papaveraceae family, native to the temperate Northern Hemisphere and the high mountains of tropical eastern Africa. They are most diverse in China and the Himalayas, with at least 357 species in China.

Ecology[edit]

Corydalis species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species (butterflies), especially of the genus Mnemosyne.

Toxicity[edit]

Corydalis cava and some other tuberous species contain the alkaloid bulbocapnine, which is occasionally used in medicine but scientific evidence is lacking in the correct dosages and side effects.[1]

Taxonomy[edit]

Current species[edit]

There are about 470 species, including:

Former species[edit]

Several former Corydalis have been moved to new genera:

Pseudofumaria
Capnoides

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CORYDALIS". WebMD. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 

External links[edit]