Creta et Cyrenaica
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (January 2011)|
|Provincia Creta et Cyrene
Επαρχία της Κρήτης και της Κυρηναϊκής
|Province of the Roman Empire|
|-||Disestablished||c. 297 AD|
|Today part of|| Greece
Marcus Antonius Creticus attacked Crete in 71 BC and was repelled. Rome then sent Quintus Caecilius Metellus with three legions to the island. After a ferocious three-year campaign Crete was conquered for Rome in 69 BC, Metellus earning the agnomen "Creticus" for his efforts. At the archaeological sites, there seems to be little evidence of widespread damage associated with the transfer to Roman power: a single palatial house complex seems to have been razed. Gortyn seems to have been pro-Roman and was rewarded by being made the capital of the joint province of Creta et Cyrenaica.