Cross of Valour (Australia)

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Cross of Valour
CrossofValourAustralia.jpg

AUS Cross of Valour.png
Awarded by Australia
Type Medal
Eligibility Australian citizen
Awarded for "acts of conspicuous courage in circumstances of extreme peril "[1]
Status Currently awarded
Post-nominals CV
Statistics
Established 14 February 1975
First awarded 1989
Last awarded 2003
Total awarded 5
Order of wear
Next (higher) Victoria Cross / Victoria Cross for Australia (VC)
Next (lower) Knight/Lady of the Garter (KG/LG)
Related Star of Courage
Bravery Medal
Commendation for Brave Conduct
Group Bravery Citation

The Cross of Valour is Australia's highest civilian award for bravery. It was established in 1975 to replace the British George Cross, previously awarded to Australians.

The Cross of Valour is awarded "only for acts of the most conspicuous courage in circumstances of extreme peril". The award carries the post-nominal initials CV; awards may be made posthumously.

Government allowance[edit]

The Government of Australia may grant an allowance to veterans or serving members of the Australian Defence Force who have been awarded the Cross of Valour, or other awards for gallantry. At November 2007, this allowance was A$2.10 per fortnight.[2]

Description[edit]

  • The Cross of Valour is a gold, straight-armed cross pattée with diminishing rays between the arms. It is ensigned with the Crown of St Edward.
  • The obverse has the shield and crest of the Commonwealth Coat of Arms surmounted by a Federation Star. A suspender bar is engraved with the words 'For Valour'.
  • The ribbon is 38mm wide, magenta with a central 16mm blood-red band. The two reds in the ribbon represent the colours of venous and arterial blood.

List of recipients[edit]

To date, the Cross of Valour has been awarded to five recipients.

1989
  • Mr Darrell Tree, Captain of Mount Damper Fire Brigade, SA - Rescued a 3-year-old child from electrocution.[3][4][5]
1995
1998
2003
  • Mr Richard Joyes, WA - Entered the bombed Bali nightclub to rescue a badly injured woman, and then continued to search for survivors despite personal injury and ongoing explosions.[10][11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cross of Valour, itsanhonour.gov.au
  2. ^ "Veteran's Entitlements Act 1986 - Sect 102". Commonwealth Consolidated Acts. Australasian Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 2007-11-17. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Cross of Valour Citations". Australian Bravery Association. 2003-05-14. Retrieved 2009-12-12. 
  4. ^ "TREE, Darrell James". It's an Honour. Government of Australia. 28 April 1989. Retrieved 2007-03-31. 
  5. ^ Tenace, Lisa; Brenton Ragless; Krista St John (April 2005). "Our Local Cross of Valour Winner – Mr Darrell Tree, Mount Damper Brigade Captain" (PDF). FireFront e-news, April/May 2005. South Australian Country Fire Service. Archived from the original on 2007-07-31. Retrieved 2007-03-31. 
  6. ^ "BOSCOE, Victor Alan". It's an Honour. Government of Australia. 11 October 1995. Retrieved 2007-03-31. 
  7. ^ "SPARKES, Allan". It's an Honour. Government of Australia. 29 April 1998. Retrieved 2012-06-08. 
  8. ^ "Courageous policeman saves drowning boy". It's an Honour. Government of Australia. 2006-04-24. Retrieved 2007-03-31. 
  9. ^ "BRITTEN, Timothy Ian". It's an Honour. Government of Australia. 17 October 2003. Retrieved 2007-03-31. 
  10. ^ "JOYES, Richard John". It's an Honour. Government of Australia. 17 October 2003. Retrieved 2007-03-31. 
  11. ^ "After Bali". Four Corners (abc.net.au). 2003.