|Annual budget||£94 million|
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Operations jurisdiction*||Police area of Cumbria in the country of England, UK|
|Map of police area|
|Size||2,268 square miles (5,870 km2)|
|Legal jurisdiction||England & Wales|
|Governing body||Home Office|
|Constituting instrument||Police Act 1996|
|Headquarters||Carleton Hall, Penrith|
|Constables||1,488 (of which 142 are special constables)|
|Police Community Support Officers||99|
|Police and Crime Commissioner responsible||Richard Rhodes, (C)|
|Basic Command Units||North, South and West Cumbria|
|* Police area agency: Prescribed geographic area in the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.|
Cumbria Constabulary is the territorial police force in England covering Cumbria. It is currently the fifth-largest force in England and Wales in terms of geographic area (2,268 square miles or 5,870 square kilometres) but one of the smallest in terms of officer numbers. Given the force area's size and population of just under 500,000, it is relatively sparsely populated. The only major urban areas are Carlisle and Barrow-in-Furness. These conditions set specific challenges for the force.
There are significant areas of isolated and rural community, and the county has one of the lowest visible minority ethnic populations in the country at under 3.0%. Each year Cumbria, which incorporates the Lake District National Park, attracts over 23 million visitors from all over the world (46 times the local population). The county has 67 miles (108 km) of motorway and some 700 miles (1,100 km) of trunk and primary roads.
Under proposals made by the Home Secretary on 6 February 2006, it would have been merged with Lancashire Constabulary. These proposals were accepted by both forces on 25 February and the merger would have taken place on 1 April 2007. However, in July 2006, both Cumbria and Lancashire forces decided not to proceed with the merger because the Government could not remedy issues with the differing council tax precepts that left both forces unable to proceed.
The force is divided into 3 areas called Basic Command Units (BCUs) which provide the majority of policing services to the county. Each BCU is commanded by a Chief Superintendent and is further divided into local policing teams (NPTs) each headed by an Inspector. There are 19 NPTs throughout the force and these units provide the 24-hour patrol officers, dedicated local community beat officers and other local policing services.
The force is presently divided as follows:
North Cumbria BCU containing the following NPTs:
South Cumbria BCU containing the following NPTs:
West Cumbria BCU containing the following NPTs:
There are 26 police stations located throughout the force.
There are 9 non-operational departments based at headquarters. These are:
- Operational Support
- Finance and Resources
- Personnel and Development
- Professional Standards
- Legal Services
- Information Technology and Management
- Strategic Development
- Programme Management
There are also a number of forcewide operational specialist units within Cumbria Constabulary.
- Roads Policing Unit
The main role of the Roads Policing Unit (RPU) is road policing on the motorway network and main roads. The group has 75 officers located at Carlisle, HQ, Workington, Kendal and Ulverston.
They are highly trained in a number of specialized areas including advanced driving techniques, pursuit management, armed response, speed enforcement technology and transport of hazardous goods legislation.
- Collision Investigation Unit (CIU)
The Collision Investigation Unit was formed in 1998. It is responsible for dealing with all road deaths throughout the Constabulary area working in conjunction with officers from the Roads Policing Unit.
- Dog Unit
The dog unit is made up of 18 constables who are handlers for 18 general purpose dogs. Six of these officers also have specialist dogs, such as firearms, drugs and explosive dogs.
Cumbria Constabulary is a partner in the following collaboration:
Cumberland and Westmorland Constabulary was formed in 1856. In 1947 this force absorbed Kendal Borough Police. Less than 20 years later this amalgamated force absorbed Carlisle City Police to form a force broadly the same as today's force called the Cumberland, Westmorland and Carlisle Constabulary. In 1965, it had an establishment of 652 and an actual strength of 617. In 1967 the force name was changed to Cumbria Constabulary.
On 10 February 1965 the force saw its first, and to date only, murder of an officer. Constable George William Russell, aged 36, was fatally shot when, unarmed and knowing that colleagues had already been fired on, he confronted an armed suspect and called upon him to surrender at a railway station in Kendal. Russell was posthumously awarded the Queen's Police Medal for gallantry and a memorial plaque has been unveiled on a wall at Carlisle Cathedral.
Officers killed in the line of duty
The Police Roll of Honour Trust lists and commemorates all British police officers killed in the line of duty. The Police Memorial Trust since its establishment in 1984 has erected over 30 memorials to some of those officers.
PC George William M. Russell of the Cumberland, Westmorland & Carlisle Constabulary is the only Cumbria officer listed as having been killed while attempting to prevent or stop a crime in progress. He was fatally shot confronting armed suspects in 1965.
PC Keith Easterbrook Died 3 June 1993, aged 36 Fatally injured in a road traffic accident, while assisting in a vehicle pursuit, when a van he was overtaking pulled out and collided with his police motorcycle, on the A595 near Workington.
PC William "Bill" Barker was killed whilst on duty on 20 November 2009. At night during severe weather and flooding across the county, the officer was directing motorists to safety off Northside Bridge, Workington, which was in a dangerous condition, when the bridge was destroyed by the flood and he was swept away and killed, his body found on a beach at Allonby that afternoon. Bill had completed 25 years police service and was a traffic officer attached to the Roads Policing Unit based at Workington; he had won a number of awards during his service. 
- [dead link]
- "Police force merger is approved". BBC News. 24 February 2006. Retrieved 3 April 2011.
- "Forces back out of merger plans". BBC News. 10 July 2006. Retrieved 3 April 2011.
- The Thin Blue Line, Police Council for Great Britain Staff Side Claim for Undermanning Supplements, 1965