Curie Institute (Paris)
Institut Curie is one of the leading medical, biological and biophysical research centres in the world. It is a private non-profit foundation operating a research center on biophysics, cell biology and oncology and a hospital specialized in treatment of cancer. It is located in Paris, France.
The institute now operates several research units in cooperation with national research institutions CNRS and INSERM. There are several hundred research staff at the institute. Institut Curie does not offer undergraduate degrees, but awards PhDs and employs many postdoctoral students alongside its permanent staff.
The Institut du Radium, a giant laboratory for Marie Curie, was founded in 1909 by the University of Paris and Institut Pasteur. The Institut du Radium had two sections. The Curie laboratory, directed by Marie Curie, was dedicated to physics and chemistry research. The Pasteur laboratory, directed by Dr. Claudius Regaud, was studying the biological and medical effects of radioactivity. After receiving a joint Nobel Prize with her husband Pierre in 1903, Marie Curie won a second Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1911. During World War One, Marie Curie used it to teach nurses about radiology.
Marie Curie and Claudius Regaud established the Fondation Curie in 1920, a public interest institution. The Foundation’s purpose was to fund the Institut du Radium’s activities and contribute to the development of its therapeutic component. A first hospital opened in 1922. At the clinic, Dr. Regaud and his team developed innovative treatments combining surgery and radiation therapy to treat cancer. The Curie Foundation became a model for cancer centers around the world. Curie laboratory continued to play an important role in physics and chemistry research. In 1934, MArie Curie's daughter Irène and her son-in-law Frédéric Joliot-Curie discovered artificial radioactivity. In 1935, it was recognized with a Nobel Prize in Chemistry. The Institut du Radium and the Fondation Curie merged in 1970. It became Institut Curie. The Institut has three missions: research, teaching and treating cancer.
Five Nobel prizes are attached to the Institute's researchers.
- Marie Curie, Physics, 1903
- Marie Curie. Chemistry, 1911
- Pierre Curie, Physics, 1903
- Irène and Frédéric Joliot-Curie, Chemistry, 1935
- Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, Physics, 1991
- Marie Curie, Physics
- Irène Joliot-Curie
- Frédéric Joliot-Curie
- Pierre-Gilles de Gennes
- Ștefania Mărăcineanu