January 31, 1810|
|Died||June 1, 1897
|Allegiance|| United States of America
Confederate States of America
|Service/branch|| United States Army
Confederate States Army
|Years of service||1833–61 (USA)
|Rank|| Brevet Lieutenant Colonel (USA)
Brigadier General (CSA)
|Battles/wars||Second Seminole War
American Civil War
- Battle of Shiloh
Ruggles was born in Barre, Massachusetts, in 1810. In 1833, he graduated from the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York, and served in the United States Army during the Second Seminole War and the Mexican-American War, and then served at a variety of garrisons and outposts.
With the outbreak of the Civil War, Ruggles resigned his commission in the U.S. Army on May 7, 1861 and enlisted in the Confederate Army not long afterwards.
In August 1861, he was promoted to brigadier general and assigned command of the 1st Division of the Second Corps in the Army of the Mississippi. He fought with General John C. Breckinridge, the former Vice President of the United States, in the 1862 campaign to regain control of Baton Rouge, Louisiana. The combined Breckinridge-Ruggles forces were unable to regain the capital city.
From August 15 to August 29, 1862 Ruggles was in command of the Port Hudson position on the Mississippi in Louisiana and supervised the planning and initial construction of fortifications in that region. On the 29th he was ordered by Breckinridge to move with some of his troops to the state of Mississippi.:4-9
For the rest of the war he performed mostly administrative duties and was named as the head of the prison system in 1865. He oversaw the final exchange of Union prisoners of war at the end of the conflict.
During the battle of Shiloh (Union name Pittsburg Landing) on April 6–7, 1862, Gen. Ruggles, on Sunday, April 6, saw repeated Confederate charges against the Union line known as "The Hornets Nest" fail. He sent word to his commanders to "Get every gun you can find." Subsequently, artillery was collected from every part of the field and lined up in a row of 62 cannons, now known as "Ruggles's Battery" (the biggest concentration of Artillery ever seen before), which hammered the Hornets Nest until the last Confederate charge broke the Union line at around 5:30 p.m., forcing it to surrender, 12 hours after the battle had started.
- "Daniel Ruggles Report, 1862". University of Notre Dame Rare Books and Special Collections. Retrieved 2007-07-14.
- "Daniel Ruggles". Corpus Christi Public Libraries Mexican War archives. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-07-14.
- John D. Winters, The Civil War in Louisiana, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1963, ISBN 0-8071-0834-0, pp. 112-113
- Hewitt, Lawrence Lee (1987). Port Hudson, Confederate Bastion on the Mississippi. Louisiana State University Press. ISBN 0-8071-1961-X.
- "Daniel Ruggles". Find a Grave. Retrieved 2008-02-13.
- Daniel Ruggles University of Southern Mississippi Archives
- Early Suggestion to Arm Negroes for the Confederacy