Darnytsia

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Darnytsia Raion
Дарницький район
Raion
Kiev map english.png
Flag of Darnytsia Raion
Flag
Coat of arms of Darnytsia Raion
Coat of arms
Coordinates: 50°24′22″N 30°40′36″E / 50.40611°N 30.67667°E / 50.40611; 30.67667Coordinates: 50°24′22″N 30°40′36″E / 50.40611°N 30.67667°E / 50.40611; 30.67667
Country  Ukraine
Region Kiev
Established April 3, 1935 (1935-04-03)
Subdivisions
Government
 • Administration Serhii I.Vitkovskyi
Area
 • Total 134 km2 (52 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 285,400
 • Density 2,100/km2 (5,500/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Area code 380
Website drda.gov.ua

Darnytsia (Ukrainian: Дарницький район, Darnyts'kyi raion), is a raion (administrative district) of the Ukrainian capital Kiev.

It is the southeastern raion of Kiev located on the left bank of Dnieper river. It borders Dnieper to its west with Holosiiv Raion of Kiev is lying across it, Dnipro Raion of Kiev city to its north, and Boryspil Raion of Kiev Oblast to its east and south. The population of the city raion is estimated around 250,000 inhabitants.

Historical background[edit]

Although an exact date of establishment of the area is not known, there is evidence that during the 4th and 3rd centuries BC, a Neolithical settlement existed near lake Svyatyshche (Ukrainian: Святище). During the 9th century, Darnytsia was an important center of the Kievan Rus', where ambassadors and delegations from other powers were housed while waiting to meet the kniaz and offer gifts. This gave the area its name Darnytsia (derived from Slavic/Ukrainian dar, meaning gift).

View of the left-bank Kiev and the Dnieper River. Background high-rise buildings in the right are in the Darnytsia neighborhood.

While throughout the 19th century the area was progressively becoming more densely populated, the dwellers were technically residing outside of Kiev in village-like (but non-village by status) settlements called Slobidkas (Sloboda, Slobodka in Russian). Certain parts on Darnytsia still bear the names of the Slobidka they displaced (notably Mykilska Sloboda St. Nicholas Settlement).

Until the late 19th century, the name Darnytsia was commonly applied to the plain on the left bank of Dnieper river (Ukrainian: Dnipro) across from the Kiev city center. Up to the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917, the area was legally part of the Chernigov Governorate (Chernihiv), despite being adjacent to Kiev, also a center of its Guberniya, with the Dnieper river being the official division line. The village of Nova-Darnytsia and the rest of the area of the today's raion were incorporated into the city of Kiev in 1927. In 1935 Darnytsia became a separate raion of the city.

The urbanized area started industrializing between World War I and World War II, after becoming a part of Kiev. Following World War II, the area underwent a major reconstruction and modernization and became heavily industrialized, with installation of chemical, textile, pharmaceutical and food processing industries. Major infrastructure projects, including heat-and-power co-generation units, railroad stations, highways and Metro lines were accomplished. Several research institutes found their new home here, including three major chemical institutes of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.

Overview[edit]

Today, the term Darnytsia is sometimes broadly (but incorrectly) applied to the entire Left Bank area of Kiev, except the distant areas of Vigurovshchyna-Troyeshchyna to the North and Pozniaky to the South. Formally, the district underwent many border changes, and today encompasses approximately one third of the Left Bank. A planned district change could make Darnytsia district either expand to encompass half of the Left Bank area, or cease to exist being redistributed between Desna and Dnipro Raions.

Neighborhood

The Darnytsia neighbourhood borders are generally understood to be:

See also[edit]

External links[edit]