List of de Havilland aircraft

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This is a list of aircraft produced or proposed by Geoffrey de Havilland or designed by the de Havilland Aircraft Company from its founding in 1920 until its purchase by (and integration into) the Hawker Siddeley Group in 1959.

The aircraft are ordered by de Havilland model number; The numbers started with De Havilland's entry into the Airco company. although Airco built the planes, their design was owned by De Havilland and when De Havilland started his own company, he continued the numbering. This went on even for later designs of De Havilland's aircraft company, even if they were designed by a factory team with little input from De Havilland himself. The DH.89, for example, was the De Havilland's 89th design.

The designs DH.121 and DH.125 which were under development when De Havilland merged into the Hawker Siddeley Group kept their numbering and were produced as the Hawker 121 Trident and the Hawker 125.

The list does not include aircraft designed by de Havilland Canada or de Havilland Australia, founded as de Havilland subsidiaries.

Designs prior to company foundation[edit]

These are designs by Geoffrey de Havilland while working for himself or for other manufacturers.

Model Name First flight Remarks
Biplane No. 1 December 1909 single-seat biplane
Biplane No. 2 25 September 1910 single-seat pusher configuration biplane – became the F.E.1 when de Havilland joined the staff at the Royal Aircraft Factory
DH.1 Airco DH.1 January 1915 two-seat reconnaissance biplane
DH.2 Airco DH.2 1 June 1915 single-seat pusher configuration biplane fighter
DH.3 Airco DH.3 twin-engined bomber
DH.4 Airco DH.4 August 1916 two-seat biplane day bomber
DH.5 Airco DH.5 October 1916 single-seat fighter
DH.6 Airco DH.6 1916 trainer
DH.7 Single-seat tractor fighter project with a Rolls-Royce Falcon engine, not built[1]
DH.8 Pusher fighter projected to be fitted with a Coventry Ordnance Works gun, not built.[1]
DH.9 Airco DH.9 July 1917 two-seat day bomber biplane
DH.10 Airco DH.10 Amiens 4 March 1918 twin-engine day bomber biplane
DH.11 Airco Oxford 1919 twin-engined day bomber
DH.12 DH.12 modified DH.11 – unbuilt[1]
DH.13 Not used[1]
DH.14 (Airco) Okapi 1919 Two-seat day bomber to replace DH.4 and DH.9
DH.15 Airco Gazelle 1919 Experimental aircraft similar to DH.9
DH.16 Airco DH.16 1919 Redesigned DH9 with four-seat enclosed cockpit for use as a commercial biplane
DH.17 Twin-engined 16-passenger biplane project, not built.[1]
DH.18 (Airco) DH.18 1920 8 seat Single-engined commercial aircraft
DH.19 Rolls-Royce Falcon powered two-seat cabin tourer, not built[1]
DH.20 ABC Wasp powered single-seat sporting biplane, not built[1]
DH.21 Heavy transport design study with two engines driving one propeller, not built[1]

de Havilland Aircraft Company designs[edit]

Model Name First flight Remarks
DH.22 Not built Design study for a pusher biplane[1]
DH.23 Not built Four-seat biplane flying boat[1]
DH.24 Not built Design study for a larger variant of the DH.18 with a Napier Lion engine.[1]
DH.25 Not built Design study for a large three-engine passenger transport.[1]
DH.26 Not built Single-engined transport monopane, larger version the DH.29 produced and none were built.[1]
DH.27 Derby 13 October 1922 heavy biplane day bomber for Specification 2/20
DH.28 not built single-engined biplane troop transport project.[1]
DH.29 Doncaster 5 July 1921 long-range research monoplane for the Air Ministry
DH.30 Denbigh not built high-wing reconnaissance variant of the DH.9.[1]
DH.31 not built single-engined reconnaissance biplane.[1]
DH.32 not built Rolls-Royce Eagle-powered eight-passenger biplane airliner, although construction was to begin in 1922, due to operators request the Napier Lion powered DH.34 was developed instead.[1]
DH.33 not built single-seat fleet fighter.[1]
DH.34 26 March 1922 biplane airliner, based on DH.32
DH.35 not built Two-seat reconnaissance biplane project to have been powered by the Armstron Siddeley Jaguar radial engine.[1]
DH.36 not built Three-seat coastal defence torpedo bomber project.[1]
DH.37 June 1922 touring biplane, designed to special order
DH.38 Not built Single Napier Lion V powered military general purpose biplane design.[1]
DH.39 Not built A design for a variant of the DH.38 with a Rolls-Royce Eagle VIII engine for the Greek government.[1]
DH.40 Not built A design for a variant of the DH.39 as a two-seat forestry patrol aircraft for use in Canada.[1]
DH.41 Not built A design for a two-seat variant of the DH.38 as a reconnaissance biplane to meet Air Ministry Specification D of R Type 3.[1]
DH.42 Dormouse 25 July 1923 reconnaissance fighter to Specification 22/22
DH.42A Dingo I Bristol Jupiter III: slight (6 in, 152 mm) increase in span
DH.42B Dingo II Bristol Jupiter IV: same dimensions as DH.42A but steel frame and greater weight
DH.43 Not built Design for a large biplane freighter with a Liberty 12 engine.[1]
DH.44 Not built Design study for a civil transport with a Siddeley Puma engine.[1]
DH.45 Not built A design for a biplane torpedo bomber with two Naper Lion engines.[1]
DH.46 Not built Design study for an ultra light monoplane.[1]
DH.47 Not built Design study for a single-seat glider.[1]
DH.48 Not built Design for a forestry patrol biplane with a Wolseley Viper engine for the Royal Canadian Air Force.[1]
DH.49 Not built Design for an updated DH.9A similar to the DH.9AJ Stag.[1]
DH.50 30 July 1923 four-passenger transport biplane
DH.51 1 July 1924 three-seat biplane, private venture
DH.52 5 October 1922 single-seat glider
DH.53 Humming Bird 2 October 1923 single-seat monoplane
DH.54 Highclere 18 June 1924 12-passenger biplane airliner
DH.55 Not built Design for a seven-passenger transport biplane based on the DH.54.[1]
DH.56 Hyena 17 May 1925 Army biplane developed for Specification 33/26
DH.57 Not built Design for a variant of the DH.55 for 12-passengers and three Siddeley Puma engines.[1]
DH.58 Not built Design for a larger variant of the DH.57 for 20-passengers.[1]
DH.59 Not built Design studt for a transport biplane.[1]
DH.60 Moth 22 February 1925 two-seat light biplane
DH.60G Gipsy Moth 1927 DH.60 Moth powered by De Havilland Gipsy engine
DH.60GIII Moth Major 1929 DH.60 Moth powered by new Gipsy III/Gipsy Major engine
DH.61 Giant Moth December 1927 8-passenger biplane airliner
DH.62 Not built Design study for an eight-passenger transport biplanewith two Siddeley Puma engines.[1]
DH.63 Not built Design for a smaller variant of the DH.61 with a Siddeley Puma engine and room for four-passengers.[1]
DH.64 Not built Design for a larger 14-passenger variant of the DH.62 with two Armstrong Siddeley Jaguar radial engines.[1]
DH.65 Hound 17 November 1926 day bomber biplane
DH.66 Hercules 30 September 1926 3-engined biplane airliner, 14 passengers
DH.67 Survey 1929 Twin-engined photo survey biplane built by Gloster.
DH.68 Not built Design for a six-passenger variant of the DH.67.[1]
DH.69 Not built Design study for a two-seat day bomber for the Air Ministry powered by a Rolls-Royce Falcon engine.[1]
DH.70 Not built Design study for an army co-operation biplane for Australia.[1]
DH.71 Tiger Moth July 1927 high-speed monoplane, private venture
DH.72 28 July 1931 3-engined night bomber, based on DH.66 and designed to Specification B.22/27
DH.73 Not built Design for a high-altitude survey biplane based on the DH.67.[1]
DH.74 Not built Design study for DH.50 replacement based on the DH.65A Hound.[1]
DH.75 Hawk Moth 7 December 1928 six-seat cabin monoplane
DH.76 Not built Design for 20-passenger transport biplane with three Bristol Jupiter engines.[1]
DH.77 11 July 1929 +single-seat interceptor, private venture designed to Specification F.20/27
DH.78 Not built Design study for a multi-engined transport.[1]
DH.79 Not built Design study fora multi-engined transport.[1]
DH.80 Puss Moth 9 September 1929 three-seat touring monoplane, high-wing
DH.81 Swallow Moth 21 August 1931 two-seat sporting monoplane
DH.82 Tiger Moth 26 October 1931 two-seat primary trainer
DH.83 Fox Moth 29 January 1932 small passenger biplane
DH.84 Dragon 24 November 1932 large biplane airliner
DH.85 Leopard Moth 27 May 1933 three-seat cabin monoplane
DH.86 Express 14 January 1934 four-engine airliner, based on DH.84 Dragon
DH.87 Hornet Moth 9 May 1934 light biplane
DH.88 Comet 8 September 1934 twin-engine racing monoplane
DH.89 Dragon Rapide 17 April 1934 twin-engine airliner
DH.90 Dragonfly 12 August 1935 twin-engine biplane, five seats
DH.91 Albatross 20 May 1937 four-engine airliner, 22 passengers
DH.92 Dolphin 9 September 1936 twin-engine airliner, designed to replace DH.89 Dragon Rapide
DH.93 Don 18 June 1937 liaison aircraft
DH.94 Moth Minor 22 June 1937 primary trainer, designed to replace Moth
DH.95 Flamingo 22 December 1938 twin-engine transport
DH.96 Not built Ab-inito trainer to meet Specification T.1/37.[1]
DH.97 Not built Reconnaissance bomber aircraft to meet Specification 17/38. Transport design study.[1]
DH.98 Mosquito 25 November 1940 twin-engine fighter and bomber
DH.99 Not built Original all-metal proposal for a twin-boom jet fighter which, in composite wood-and-metal form, became the DH.100.[2]

Design study for a Napier Sabre-powered twin-engined fast bomber derivative, developed into DH.101 concept, number later allocated to a light twin-engined civil aircraft project which was not built.[1]

DH.100 Vampire, known until April 1944 as the Spider Crab.[2] 29 September 1943 Twin-boom jet fighter
DH.101 Not built High speed bomber with Napier Sabre engines to Specification B.11/41.[1]
DH.102 Not built High performance bomber Mosquito replacement to Specification B.4/42, with two-stage Merlin engines, construction started in 1942 but work was stopped.[1]
DH.103 Hornet 28 July 1944 twin-engine fighter
DH.104 Dove 25 September 1945 8-passenger airliner
DH.105 Not built Single-engined elementary trainer to Specification T.23/43.[1]
DH.106 Comet 27 July 1949 jet airliner
DH.107 Not used to avoid confusion with the Handley Page HP.107[1]
DH.108 Swallow 15 May 1946 prototype jet aircraft
DH.109 Not built Naval strike aircraft to Specification N.8/49
DH.110 Sea Vixen 26 September 1951 two-seat naval fighter
DH.111 Not used to avoid confusion with the Handley Page HP.111[1]
DH.112 Venom 2 September 1949 jet fighter
DH.113 Vampire NF.10 night fighter variant
DH.114 Heron 10 May 1950 small airliner
DH.115 Vampire T.11 trainer variant
DH.116 not built modernised Sea Venom project, two prototypes ordered but not built.two prototypes ordered but not built.
DH.117 Not used to avoid confusion with the Handley Page HP.117.[1]
DH.118 Not built Rolls-Royce Conway powered long-haul jet transport for British Overseas Airways Corporation, although an order for 25 to 30 was planned the project was abandoned in 1957.two prototypes ordered but not built.[1]
DH.119 Not built Design study for a jet transport with four Rolls-Royce Avon engines.[1]
DH.120 Not built Design study for a jet transport to meet both BEA and BOAC requirements.[1]
DH.121 Trident 9 January 1962 three-engine jet airliner
DH.122 Not built Proposed Trident variant to compete with the Vickers VC10.[1]
DH.123 Not built Design studies for a turboprop 36-seat transport..[1]
DH.124 Not used to avoid confusion with the Handley Page HP.124.[1]
DH.125 Jet Dragon 13 August 1962 medium corporate jet
DH.126 Not built A larger variant of the DH.125 for 35 to 50 passengers..[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj Jackson 1987, pp. 508–525
  2. ^ a b Chorlton, M. (Ed.); Vampire, Aeroplane Icons, Kelsey (2014), Pages 6–9.

Bibliography[edit]

  1. "de Havilland". Royal Air Force Museum Aircraft Thesaurus. Retrieved 8 May 2006. [dead link]
  2. "de Havilland". British Aircraft Directory. Retrieved 8 May 2006. [dead link]
  • A J Jackson (1987). De Havilland Aircraft since 1909. Putnam. ISBN 0 85177 802 X.