Death and the Sculptor

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Death and the Sculptor
winged figure staying hand of young sculptor
Artist Daniel Chester French
Year 1889 (1889)
Type bronze sculpture
Dimensions 250 cm × 76 cm (100 in × 30 in)
Location Boston
Coordinates 42°17′52.3″N 71°6′27.2″W / 42.297861°N 71.107556°W / 42.297861; -71.107556Coordinates: 42°17′52.3″N 71°6′27.2″W / 42.297861°N 71.107556°W / 42.297861; -71.107556
Owner Forest Hills Cemetery

Death and the Sculptor, also known as the Milmore Monument and The Angel of Death and the Young Sculptor[1] is a sculpture in bronze, and one of the most important and influential works of art created by sculptor Daniel Chester French. The work was commissioned to mark the grave in Forest Hills Cemetery in Jamaica Plain, Boston, Massachusetts, of the brothers Joseph (1841-1886), James and Martin Milmore (1844-1883).[2] It has two figures effectively in the round, linked to a background relief behind them. The right-hand figure represents a sculptor, whose hand holding a chisel is gently restrained by the fingers of the left-hand figure, representing Death, here shown as a winged female.

Grave Subjects[edit]

The Milmore brothers immigrated to the United States from Ireland in 1851, Joseph becoming a stone carver and Martin a sculptor. They frequently collaborated on commissions, the most notable one being the granite Sphinx (1873) that resides in Mount Auburn Cemetery.

Work[edit]

French's memorial, commissioned in 1889 and dedicated in 1893, depicts the Angel of Death gently taking the hand of a sculptor, or stone carver who is working on a sphinx figure very much like the one the brothers created.[3]

When the plaster cast of the work was in Paris to be cast into bronze it was exhibited at several salons, including the Salon de Champs de Mars where it was awarded a third-class medal, "only the second time an American had been so honored by the Parisian art world."[4]

The architectural setting was initially designed by architect C. Howard Walker, but this was redesigned by French's frequent collaborator Henry Bacon in 1914, and finally replaced by one designed the Boston firm of Andrews, Jones Boscoe and Whitmore in 1945, at which time the location of the monument was changed. The bronze portion was cast in Paris by the Gruet Foundry. French, along with the Milmore family agreed to have four other casts of the piece done, those going to museums in Chicago, Philadelphia, Boston and St. Louis.

The Chicago plaster was displayed at the World's Columbian Exposition where it received good reviews. It cast was destroyed in 1949.[5]

In 1917, another version of the work was done, this time in marble for the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. It was carved by the Piccirilli Brothers who carved virtually all of French's marbles.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Taft, Lorado, ‘’The History of American Sculpture’’, The Macmillan Company, New York, 1925 p. 252
  2. ^ Wilson, Susan, ‘’Garden of Memories: A Guide to Historic Forest Hills’’, Forest Hills Educational Trust, 1998 p. 61
  3. ^ "Martin Milmore Memorial, (sculpture).". Save Outdoor Sculpture, Massachusetts survey, 1993. Retrieved 5 May 2013. 
  4. ^ Richman, Michael, ‘’Daniel Chester French: An American Sculptor’’, The Preservation Press, Washington D.C., 1976 pp. 71-79
  5. ^ Brown, Fern et al, ‘’Revisiting the White City: American Art at the 1893 World’s Fair’’, National Museum of American Art, National Portrait Gallery and Smithsonain Institution, Washington D.C., 1993
  6. ^ Richman, Michael, ‘’Daniel Chester French: An American Sculptor’’, The Preservation Press, Washington D.C., 1976 pp. 71-79