Deepwater, New South Wales

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Deepwater
New South Wales
Deepwater.JPG
New England Highway, Deepwater, NSW
Deepwater is located in New South Wales
Deepwater
Deepwater
Coordinates 29°26′0″S 151°51′0″E / 29.43333°S 151.85000°E / -29.43333; 151.85000Coordinates: 29°26′0″S 151°51′0″E / 29.43333°S 151.85000°E / -29.43333; 151.85000
Population 323 (2006)[1]
Postcode(s) 2371
Elevation 974 m (3,196 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Glen Innes Severn Council
County Gough
Federal Division(s) New England

Deepwater is a parish and village 40 kilometres north of Glen Innes on the Northern Tablelands, New South Wales, Australia. At the 2006 census, Deepwater had a population of 323, with 489 people in the area.[1]

Deepwater is located on the New England Highway and the Main North railway line (now closed). The village is on the northern bank of the Deepwater River which is a tributary of the Mole River.

An architectural gem, Deepwater's Art Deco Eclipse Theatre.

History[edit]

The land where Deepwater was established is the territory of the Ngarabal people, who had occupied and carefully cultivated the country for thousands of years.[2] The Ngarabal name for Deepwater is Talgambuun, meaning dry country with many dead trees.[3]

The Deepwater run was occupied in 1839 by William Cooins for the Windeyer brothers. In 1848 their run covered 60,000 acres (240 km2).[4] The Windeyers had a close relationship with Edward Irby, who took up Bolivia Station further north. There was strong Ngarabal resistance to Irby and Windeyer's incursions into Ngarabal country, including the killings of shepherds. Irby's memoirs record that Windeyer joined him in pursuing and killing groups of Aboriginal people in retaliation for these acts. The principal incident of this was on October 17, 1844, when Irby records that he and Windeyer "gave it to them severely" near Bolivia. In addition, Commissioner for Crown Lands from the Clarence district, Oliver Fry, a group of Aboriginal people from further east into Ngarabul country at Deepwater, murdering five children, four women and seven men on April 15, 1845.[5]

The railway station was opened in 1886. The Deepwater Public School was established 1894. Some of the old buildings still in existence are the Deepwater Inn, court house, post office, school of arts and the Deepwater Public School.

Deepwater now has an Apex Park, antique store, bakery, school, two hotels, roadhouse and general shopping facilities. An annual race meeting is held on the racecourse that is located there.[6] It also has service organisations that include the Country Women's Association, Red Cross, Far West and Apex Club, SES and Rural Fire Service, pre-school and some other community organisations.

The district is an agricultural area with the main pursuits being wool, fat lamb and beef cattle production. In the past dairying, tin mining and timber were industries that contributed to the economy of the district.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Deepwater (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2007-12-15. 
  2. ^ K.M. Schlunke, 2005. "Bluff Rock: Autobiography of a Massacre." Fremantle: Fremantle Arts Centre Press.
  3. ^ MacPherson, J. (1930). "Some Aboriginal place names in Northern New South Wales." Royal Australian Historical Society, Journal and Proceedings, 16 (2), 120-131.
  4. ^ Donald, J.Kay, Exploring the North Coast and New England, Kangaroo Press, Kenthurst, 1987.
  5. ^ K.M. Schlunke, 2005. "Bluff Rock: Autobiography of a Massacre." Fremantle: Fremantle Arts Centre Press.
  6. ^ Northern New England, Examiner, Glen Innes
Preceding station   NSW Main lines   Following station
towards Wallangarra
Main North Line
(closed section)
towards Sydney